animal husbandry and animal welfare

A.Y. 2019/2020
12
Max ECTS
128
Overall hours
SSD
AGR/19
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course aims to provide students with the theoretical and practical notions of animal husbandry through the framing of the various zootechnical production systems and the treatment of: a) the morphological and functional evaluation of animals; b) the farming technologies of pig and ruminant and c) the fundamentals of applied ethology and welfare of farm animals.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the student will have acquired knowledge and understanding of the main zootechnical systems concerning the breeding of dairy cattle, beef cattle and dairy goat, as well as the ability to apply this knowledge for their livestock management.
The student will have acquired knowledge and understanding in the morphological evaluation of animals and will be able to recognize the most important animal regions and identify the main defects of farmed animals. The student will also be able to learn about the main characteristics of the behavior of farm animals and the tools that can be used to study the behavior itself. It will be able to recognize practically the main welfare problems linked to the breeding, transport and slaughter of farm animals.
Course syllabus and organization

Unique edition

Lesson period
Second semester
Prerequisites for admission
Specific preliminary knowledge is not required to attend the course. However, the knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of animals is useful because it facilitates the understanding of the lectures.
Assessement methods and criteria
The exam consists of an interview in which the students are asked to answer to questions demonstrating their subject knowledge. Questions will reflect the content of the lecture and exercise program. The purpose of the examination is to test knowledge of the subject and the extent to which skills have been acquired.
Modulo: Etologia applicata e benessere animale
Course syllabus
Introduction to the concept of animal welfare
Evolution in the approach to animal welfare assessment
Approach to the ethological study
Adaptation, stress and animal welfare and their relationship with animal behavior
Basics of learning procedures and practical exercises
Normal and abnormal behavior
How animals communicate
Human-animal relationship
Behavioral observation methodologies and practical exercises
Main critical animal welfare issues of dairy farming
Main critical animal welfare issues in beef cattle
Main critical animal welfare issues in pig farming
Main critical points of animal welfare during transport and at time of killing
Existing protocols for the on-farm welfare assessment
In field visits to dairy farms to perform behavioral observation and human-animal relation tests
Teaching methods
The form of teaching involves lectures, tutorials and practical sessions. In addition, technical visits to farms are carried out.
Bibliography
The powerpoint presentations are available on Ariel platform "Modulo: Etologia applicata e benessere animale".
Carenzi C., Panzera M. (2009) Etologia applicata e benessere animale (Volume I: Parte generale; Volume II: Parte speciale). Le Point Veterinaire Italie.
Modulo: Zoognostica e zootecnica
Course syllabus
Part I: Livestock judging
Lectures
Market types, classes and grades of farm animals with emphasis on food production animals.
The body regions: head, neck and trunk.
Limbs and foot.
Principles of judging dogs.
The age of the animals.
Coat colors of animals
Principles of animal mechanics.
Dairy cow evaluation.
Beef cattle evaluation.
Practice.
How to judge conformation in dairy caw and beef cattle with pictures and video demonstration.
Technical visit to a dairy farm with a practical judging of a dairy cow.
Technical visit to a beef cattle farm.

Part II: Animal Husbandry
Lectures
Milk production.
Dairy cow livestock management.
Reproduction and fertility.
Pregnancy, calving and lactation.
Milking management.
Milk production and quality.
Meat production.
Livestock management.
Weaning and rearing of calves.
Raising cattle for beef production.
Meat production and quality.
Goat farming.
Breeding and management of livestock.
Goat milk production and quality.
Practice
Technical visit to a breeding association.
Technical visit to a dairy goat farm.
Technical visit to a dairy cow farm.
Teaching methods
The form of teaching involves lectures, tutorials and practical sessions. In addition, technical visits to farms are carried out.
Bibliography
Part I: Zoognostica
The powerpoint presentations are available on Ariel platform Zoognostica.
Balasini D. - Zoognostica - Ed. Edagricole
Part II Zootecnica
The powerpoint presentations are available on Ariel platform Zootecnica.
Other recommended books:
Bittante G., Andrighetto I., Ramanzin M. - Tecniche di produzione animale - Liviana Ed., Padova.
Modulo: Etologia applicata e benessere animale
AGR/19 - ANIMAL SCIENCE - University credits: 6
Practicals: 32 hours
Lessons: 32 hours
Professor: Barbieri Sara
Modulo: Zoognostica e zootecnica
AGR/19 - ANIMAL SCIENCE - University credits: 6
Practicals: 32 hours
Lessons: 32 hours