The course aims to provide students with the knowledge on the structure and function of vertebrate tissues and apparatuses and to deepen those aspects of animal morphology and physiology (mainly of mammals), which constitute an important biological basis for the cultural training of operators in the food field.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the students will be able to use the specific cognitive elements of animal morphology and physiology to establish comparisons and face problems concerning the production and transformation of food of animal origin using an appropriate technical and biological language.
Lesson period: First semester
(In case of multiple editions, please check the period, as it may vary)
ANIMAL TISSUE: Basics of Epithelial tissue. Connective tissue (adipose ct and energy storage; bone and Ca metabolism). Muscular tissue: white and red skeletal cell. Basics of Nervous tissue and system. LOCOMOTOR APPARATUS. CIRCULATORY APPARATUS. RESPIRATORY APPARATUS. DIGESTIVE APPARATUS: only morphology and physiology of liver and pancreas. EXCRETORY APPARATUS. MALE and FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE APPARATUS. MORPHOLOGY OF THE MAMMARY GLAND AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE LACTATION. Basilar differences between APPARATUSES IN BIRD AND FISH and in terrestrial mammals. PRACTICALS: use of the optical microscope for histology and of the spectrophotometer for the determination of some blood compounds. Osteology and myology and meat cuts. CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMALS: Porifera, Cnidaria, Annelida, Arthropoda, Mollusca, Chordata-Vertebrata (Fish, Birds, Mammals). Biology of seafood.
Prerequisites for admission
basic knowledge of organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry and animal biology
classroom lessons and lab practicals
1) Anatomy and Physiology of Farm Animals Anna Dee Fails, Christianne Magee Wiley-Blackwell, ISBN 9781119239710, 2018 2) Junqueira's basic histology: text and atlas Anthony L. Mescher McGraw-Hill Education, EAN 9780071780339, 2013 3) ARIEL website of MORFOLOGIA e FISIOLOGIA ANIMALE
Assessment methods and Criteria
written test with 5 open questions and 10 multiple choice questions to ascertain the level of acquisition of the discipline and the ability to express concepts with adequate scientific language, followed by a final oral exam to correct any errors