Biology

A.Y. 2019/2020
12
Max ECTS
104
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/03 BIO/05
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The first aim of the course is to deliver knowledge of algae, fungi and Cormophyta. Cormophyta will be described in depth (plant cell, stems, leaves, roots, reproductive organs, reproductive strategies; systematic botany). The course also aims to provide basic zoological knowledge, illustrating the functions that - despite being common to all animals - are implemented differently by different animals due to varying morphology and environments. The body plans (bauplan) of the most important Phyla will also be described.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course students should have acquired:
- Basic knowledge to recognize and describe the main plant structures at the levels of cell, tissue and organ, also offering the possibility to valorize plant diversity and promote its conservation.
- Basic knowledge of animal biology needed to study anatomy and physiology of domestic animals and entomology.
Course syllabus and organization

Unique edition

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
Course syllabus
'G26-4-A' - 'Teaching unit 1: agricultural botany'.
I.The fundamentals of Biology: Characteristics of Living Organisms: autotrophy and heterotrophy; the role of plants in the biosphere. The chemistry of living things. Key chemical bonds. Water and life. The main organic molecules in biology. Structure and function of carbohydrates, lipids and products of secondary metabolism, proteins, nucleotides and nucleic acids. II. Cytology (cell biology) - general characteristics of the cell. Procaryotes and Eucaryotes. The components of the eucaryotic cell. Typical structure of the plant cell (cell walls, plastids, vacuole). Genetic information and the cell cycle. Replication and transcription; translation and protein synthesis. Genes and chromosomes, genotype and phenotype. Mitosis and Meiosis. III. Histology and Plant Anatomy. Structural organisation of the plant. Thallus and Corm.Meristematic tissues. Adult tissues. Vegetative organs of higher plants: roots, stems and leale. Reproductive organs of higher plants. IV. The Basics of Systematic Botany (general part). General classification of plants. Metagenetic cycles. Vegetative propagation and sexual reproduction. Principal groups of cryptogams: algae, fungi, lichens, bryophytes and pteridophytes. Characteristics of the spermatophytes: Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. Principal differences between Monocotyledons and Dicotyledons. V. The Basics of Systematic Botany (special part). Monocots: Poaceae, Liliaceae, Iridaceae, Amaryllidaceae. Dicots: Salicaceae, Juglandaceae, Fagaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Brassicaceae, Capparaceae, Rosaceae, Fabaceae, Apiaceae, Oleaceae, Rutaceae, Vitaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Lamiaceae, Solanaceae, Asteraceae. VI. Practical laboratory work involving observation using the optical microscope and the preparation of histological and anatomic samples. Techniques for the recognition of species by the observation of reproductive and vegetative characters.

'G26-4-B' - 'Teaching Unit 2: animal biology'.
Preliminary knowledge to the understanding in animal biology. Basic knowledge about the structure of the animals, body architecture (=Bauplane), morphology of the different systems. Elements of biology of the animals living in different environments. Reproductive strategies. Adaptations to different environmental factors (temperature, oxygen, salinity, et c.). Interactions between organisms: competition, predation, parasitism. Principles of zoological nomenclature, criteria of classification and the identification of the organisms. Laboratory Techniques of harvest and maintenance of the animals with sampling in the field. Recognition of the organisms in the field and in the laboratory with the use of dichotomous keys. Investigations in laboratory on the fauna of inland waters.
Prerequisites for admission
Basic notions of general chemistry and biology at high-school level.
Teaching methods
'G26-4-A' - 'Teaching unit 1: agricultural botany'.
Essential teaching material will be distributed by the lecturer. Useful texts: Pasqua G. et al., 2008 - Botanica Generale e diversità vegetale. Piccin ed.; Calzoni G.L., Speranza A. , 1996 - Struttura della piante in immagini. Guida all'anatomia microscopica delle piante vascolari - Zanichelli, Bologna. Gerola F.M. (a cura di), Biologia e diversità dei vegetali, UTET. Judd, Campbell, Kellogg, Stevens - Botanica sistematica, un approccio filogenetico - PICCIN Longo C., Biologia vegetale Vol. 1 Forme e funzioni - Utet Lüttge U., Kluge M., Bauer G., 1997 - Botanica - Zanichelli, Bologna. Pupillo P., Cervone F., Cresti M., Rascio N., 2003 - Biologia Vegetale - Zanichelli Raven P.H., Evert R.F., Eichorn S.E., 2002 - Biologia delle piante. VI edizione - Zanichelli, Bologna. Ray P.M., Steeves T.A., Fultz S.A, 1985 - Botanica - Zanichelli, Bologna. Venturelli F., Virli L., 1995 - Invito alla Botanica, con esercitazioni di laboratorio - Zanichelli, Bologna. Useful links: http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/e00/default.htm

'G26-4-B' - 'Teaching Unit 2: animal biology'.
Solomon, Berg, Martin. Biologia-Struttura e processi vitali negli animali. EdiSES 2006 Purves, Sadava, Orians, Heller. Biologia-La biologia degli animali. Zanichelli 2001 Dorit, Walker, Barnes. Zoologia. Zanichelli. 1997. Hickman, Roberts, Larson, L¿anson. Fondamenti di Zoologia McGraw-Hill 2005
Bibliography
'G26-4-A' - 'Teaching unit 1: agricultural botany'.
Essential teaching material will be distributed by the lecturer. Useful texts: Pasqua G. et al., 2008 - Botanica Generale e diversità vegetale. Piccin ed.; Calzoni G.L., Speranza A. , 1996 - Struttura della piante in immagini. Guida all'anatomia microscopica delle piante vascolari - Zanichelli, Bologna. Gerola F.M. (a cura di), Biologia e diversità dei vegetali, UTET. Judd, Campbell, Kellogg, Stevens - Botanica sistematica, un approccio filogenetico - PICCIN Longo C., Biologia vegetale Vol. 1 Forme e funzioni - Utet Lüttge U., Kluge M., Bauer G., 1997 - Botanica - Zanichelli, Bologna. Pupillo P., Cervone F., Cresti M., Rascio N., 2003 - Biologia Vegetale - Zanichelli Raven P.H., Evert R.F., Eichorn S.E., 2002 - Biologia delle piante. VI edizione - Zanichelli, Bologna. Ray P.M., Steeves T.A., Fultz S.A, 1985 - Botanica - Zanichelli, Bologna. Venturelli F., Virli L., 1995 - Invito alla Botanica, con esercitazioni di laboratorio - Zanichelli, Bologna. Useful links: http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/e00/default.htm

'G26-4-B' - 'Teaching Unit 2: animal biology'.
Solomon, Berg, Martin. Biologia-Struttura e processi vitali negli animali. EdiSES 2006 Purves, Sadava, Orians, Heller. Biologia-La biologia degli animali. Zanichelli 2001 Dorit, Walker, Barnes. Zoologia. Zanichelli. 1997. Hickman, Roberts, Larson, L'anson. Fondamenti di Zoologia McGraw-Hill 2005
Assessement methods and criteria
'G26-4-A' - 'Teaching unit 1: agricultural botany'.
The exam will be written and will be comprised of a multiple choice test and an open, written response to a question.
'G26-4-B' - 'Teaching Unit 2: animal biology'.
Oral exam, interview on the arguments presented during the lessons.
Agricultural Botany
BIO/03 - ENVIRONMENTAL AND APPLIED BOTANY - University credits: 0
BIO/05 - ZOOLOGY - University credits: 0
Laboratories: 16 hours
Lessons: 56 hours
Animal biology
BIO/03 - ENVIRONMENTAL AND APPLIED BOTANY - University credits: 0
BIO/05 - ZOOLOGY - University credits: 0
Lessons: 32 hours