The course aims to introduce and consolidate concepts relative to biomass-waste recycling for green chemistry promoting the circular economy and the end of waste. The course will introduce the drivers to the bioeconomy, i.e. climate change, fossil fuel depletion, environmental pollution. Energy vs. food conflict, biomass production limits and other social themes will be implemented to place the bioeconomy in the new world focused on the Circular Economy. Scientific and technical aspect related to the biomass origin, production, characteristics will become part of the knowledge to address the biorefinery concept to produce biofules, bioenergy and biochemical. Technical excursions giving a "real touch" of what the bioeconomy does mean will complete the learning objective.
Expected learning outcomes
The student will acquire competences referred to the acquisition of skills related to: a) Climate change, environmental pollution and bio-economy: the ratio; b) Circular economy and end of waste as engine for the bio-economy; c) What it is a biomass: the origin and the characteristics; d) From the waste-biomass to energy, material and nutrient; e) From waste-biomass to bio-economy: leading case studies.
Lesson period: First semester
(In case of multiple editions, please check the period, as it may vary)
Climate change - The bioeconomy and the circular economy: the answer to the climate change and to the shortage of the planet resources. - How to feed the world next? The food vs. no-food conflict. - What biorefinery is? - Energy crops for the biorefinery: characteristics, products. - Organic wastes for the biorefinery: characteristics, products. - Agricultural waste for the biorefinery: characteristics, products. - Agro industrial waste for the biorfinery: characteristics, products. - Case studies.