Chemical And Physical Sciences

A.Y. 2019/2020
7
Max ECTS
70
Overall hours
SSD
CHIM/03 CHIM/06 FIS/07 MED/50
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
- Develop the scientific bases and the theoretical-practical preparation necessary for the understanding of biological phenomena and ecosystem equilibrium;
- Develop the technical knowledge for the identification of the chemical, physical and biological components of the production cycles constituting and health risk factors;
- Acquire knowledge of chemical and chemical-physical parameters concerning the environment and pollution chemistry
Expected learning outcomes
General and inorganic chemistry
Knowledge and understanding
· knowledge of the main chemical language
· knowledge of the fundamentals about elements properties, main classes of inorganic compounds, chemical solutions
· knowledge of the fundamentals of thermochemistry and chemical kinetics
Knowledge and understanding applicative ability
· being able to correctly understand IUPAC names of the main classes of inorganic molecules
· assess the main properties of chemical elements at atomistic and molecular level
· being able to complete the main schemes of inorganic reactions
· being able to predict the feasible changes of a chemical system made by one or more reactants, at defined experimental conditions
Assessment ability
· being able to critically estimate the hypotheses concerning the interaction/transformation routes of inorganic molecules significant for the safety in the environment and work sites
Communication skills
· extract and summarize the important information in a text concerning a chemistry problem
· effectively communicate, both orally and in write report, using the correct terms
· effectively resume and present the information using the typical graphic models
Learning ability
· being able to understand a scientific text of general and inorganic chemistry and to apply the obtained data to the solution of a new problem

Applied physics
Knowledge and understanding
· Knowledge of the methodological approach of physics
· understanding of the fundamentals of physics in the mechanics of solid bodies, fluids and gases, of the electric phenomena and thermology
Knowledge and understanding applicative ability
· being able of explain and apply in problems the concept of energy and conservation principles, the manin laws of hydrostatics and hydrodynamics, thermal phenomena, gas behaviour, electric potential and the fundamentals of electric circuits
Assessment ability
· through exercises, solved both in classroom, and independently, the student can critically assess the consistency of a hypothesis and the related physical laws and to quantitatively calculate values in the context of real problems using the learnt physical models
Communication skills
· through the repetitive interactions during the lessons and through the solution of problems, the student becomes able to describe the behaviour of physical systems using an exact language and making quantitative references, also using simple graphical representations
Learning ability
· The student becomes able to learn in the general context of scientific matters by solving problems that need the understanding of the real context, the conversion into a model and the development of a solution using mathematical means

Organic chemistry
Knowledge and understanding
· knowledge of the models for the graphic representation of organic molecules and of the reaction mechanisms
· knowledge of the principal functional group features, their names and their reactivity
· knowledge of the main rules of the typical reactivity of organic compounds (acid/base behaviour, nucleophilicity and electrophilicity, aromatic property, hydrogen bond forming ability, ionic interactions, hydrophobic interactions)
Knowledge and understanding applicative ability
· being able to correctly understand IUPAC names of the main classes of organic molecules
· identifying the main classes of organic reactions and being able to complete reaction schemes
· being able to predict the evolving possibility of a chemical system made by one or more reactants, at a defined experimental conditions
Assessment ability
· being able to critically estimate the hypotheses concerning the interaction/transformation routes of organic molecules important in biological applications
Communication skills
· extract and summarize the important information in a text concerning a chemistry problem
· effectively communicate, both orally and in write report, using the correct terms
· effectively resume and present the information using the typical graphic models
Learning ability
· being able to understand a scientific text of organic chemistry and to apply the obtained data to the solution of a new problem

Applications
Knowledge and understanding
· knowledge of the methodology to qualitatively and quantitatively assess the risk deriving from the exposition to different factors in the life and/or work environment
· knowledge of the main dangerous substances as vapours, gases, powders, and fibers, particularly concerning radon and asbestos, electromagnetic fields, natural and artificial optical radiations, manual moving of weights, quality of water for human use
Knowledge and understanding applicative ability
· the student should be able to define the risk, to estimate the exposition and to characterize the danger of each agent and risk factor
Assessment ability
· suggesting measures of prevention and of risk management
Communication skills
· extract and summarize the important information in a text concerning a risk or prevention problem
· effectively communicate, both orally and in write report, using the correct terms
Learning ability
· being able to understand a scientific text concerning risk factors in the environment and work sites and apply the obtained data to the solution of a new problem
Course syllabus and organization

Unique edition

Responsible
Prerequisites for admission
This is a first year, first semester, exam; therefore, no specific prerequisites are needed, excluding those required by the admission test to the CdS.
Assessement methods and criteria
The exam is formed by four sections, one for each module. It is a written exam that requires solving problems and answering questions, either open or closed. The solution of each section has 40 minutes available, except for the module of Applied chemico-physical sciences that has 20 minutes, only. Each question of each module has a special thirty mark that is summed up to form the module final mark. The ultimate mark is the average of single marks, weighted by the credit number of each module. Possible lauds are assigned following the agreement of all the participants to the exam panel. The physics module permits the use of a numerical calculator; the module of general and inorganic chemistry permits the use of the element periodic table. Evaluation parameters are based on: the skill to understand the questions; the skill to apply the knowledge to new problems; the right numerical calculations (when needed); the skill of using the specific language, graphical too. The marks of each module are anonymously reported on Ariel platform by each teacher. The ultimate mark needs approval by the student.
Chimica generale e inorganica
Course syllabus
The module is preparatory to all subsequent courses in organic chemistry and biochemistry and its purpose is to provide the minimum tools for understanding the chemical language and the arguments developed in the most advanced courses. The students will also have to acquire knowledge of the properties of the elements and the main classes of inorganic compounds.
1) Substances classification: pure substances and mixtures; elements and compounds. The three physical states and their main properties. State transitions.
2) The atom and the subatomic particles: the behaviour of electrons (atomic orbitals s and p) and the properties of the elements. Electronic configurations, Periodic Table and periodic properties. Atomic symbols and formulas; ions; isotopes; relative atomic masses and molecular masses.
3) Oxidation status. Nomenclature rules for inorganic compounds. Recognize the formulas of the main types of inorganic compounds and their nomenclature.
4) The chemical bond: ionic bond, covalent bond, Lewis structures, single and multiple bonds. Bonds σ and π. Polar bonds and molecules. Outline of hybrid atomic carbon orbitals. Intermolecular attraction forces: hydrogen bonding and Van der Waals forces.
5) The mole: definition and importance in the quantitative aspect of chemistry.
6) Chemical reactions: qualitative and quantitative aspects, stoichiometric coefficients; mass and charge balance. Equilibrium reactions. Balance constant. Factors that influence the position of balance. Effect of temperature on Keq. Outline of redox reactions.
7) Properties of liquids: evaporation, vapor pressure and boiling temperature. Solutions, suspensions and colloids. Unit of measurement of solution concentration. Solubility. Colligative properties.
8) Reactions in solution: electrolytic dissociation for strong and weak electrolytes. Acids and bases, pH; neutralization reaction. Acid / base conjugate; hydrolysis and buffer solutions.
9) Notions of thermodynamics and kinetics: the entropy functions, free energy, enthalpy and the principles of thermodynamics. Exoergonic and endergonic reactions, reaction rate, activation energy, catalysis and enzyme catalysis.
Teaching methods
The teachers use frontal lessons, including significant applications and exercises. All the learning material used in the lessons is available on the Ariel platform, including additional exercises. The student must attend all lessons.
Bibliography
Principi di Chimica Generale e Organica (per i corsi di laurea a indirizzo bio-medico), II edizione
E. Santaniello, M. Alberghina, M. Coletta, F. Malatesta, S. Marini. Ed. Piccin
Chimica e Propedeutica Biochimica, A. Fiecchi, M. Galli Kienle, A. Scala, Ed. Edi-ermes
Chimica organica
Course syllabus
The module introduces the fundamentals of organic chemistry and sets the basis of organic chemistry to help the understanding of next courses, mainly concerning biochemistry and other matters related to the structures of life molecules. Presented topics are the following:
1) Molecule representation in organic chemistry with special emphasis on graphical representation
2) Structure and properties of main organic compounds, classified using functional groups
3) Fundamentals of organic chemistry nomenclature: from structures to names and from names to structures
4) Fundamentals of organic compounds reactivity: acid-base reactions, nucleophile-electrophile reactions
5) Some examples of organic reactions with their corresponding mechanism
6) Organic compounds stereochemistry: E/Z and R/S isomers. Organic compounds chirality
7) Brief mentions of main classes of biological compounds: lipids, carbohydrates, aminoacids and peptides; nucleic acids
Teaching methods
The teachers use frontal lessons, including significant applications and exercises. All the learning material used in the lessons is available on the Ariel platform, including additional exercises. The student must attend all lessons.
Bibliography
Principi di Chimica Generale e Organica (per i corsi di laurea a indirizzo bio-medico), II edizione
E. Santaniello, M. Alberghina, M. Coletta, F. Malatesta, S. Marini. Ed. Piccin
Chimica e Propedeutica Biochimica, A. Fiecchi, M. Galli Kienle, A. Scala, Ed. Edi-ermes
Fisica applicata
Course syllabus
Mathematical bases:
- The physical laws and the relationships between physical quantities for the resolution of numerical problems: units of measure, dimensions and orders of magnitude.
- Scalar quantities, vector quantities and introduction to trigonometry.
Mechanics:
- The laws of uniform and uniformly accelerated motion.
- Concept of strength and the principle of inertia.
- The concept of mass and the second principle of dynamics.
- Interaction between bodies, forces and the third principle of dynamics
- Types of forces: gravitational force, weight force, elastic force, contact forces, friction forces, tension force. Notes on muscle strength.
- The work of a force: meaning of kinetic energy and of the kinetic energy theorem.
- Force field: when it is conservative and definition of potential energy.
- Principle of conservation of mechanical energy and application examples.
- Elastic and inelastic collisions.
Statics and fluid dynamics:
- Pressure.
- Pascal's principle.
- Hydrostatic pressure and Stevin's law.
- Archimede's principle and buoyancy.
- Stationary and laminar flow of an ideal fluid.
- Conservation of mass (continuity equation) in a fluid.
- Viscosity and Hagen-Poiseuille law.
- Example of blood circulation.
Thermodynamics:
- Thermal expansion in solids, liquids and gases.
- The concept of quantity of heat.
- The heat capacity of a body, the specific heat of a substance and the latent heats of melting and evaporation.
Ideal gas:
- States of aggregation of the matter.
- Fluids.
- Pressure and unit of measure.
- Equation of state of the ideal gas.
- Ideal gas mixture.
Electrical phenomena:
- The law of Coulomb
- The electric field: intensity, direction and direction as a function of distance from a point charge and representation through lines of force.
- Electrical potential.
- Dielectric materials and conductors.
- Electric current, electric resistance, Ohm's law and resistive circuits.
- Joule's law to calculate the power dissipated by a resistance.
- Resistance in series and in parallel.
- Alternating current.
Teaching methods
The teachers use frontal lessons, including significant applications and exercises. All the learning material used in the lessons is available on the Ariel platform, including additional exercises. The student must attend all lessons.
Bibliography
Principi di fisica per indirizzo biomedico e farmaceutico. A. Lascialfari, F. Borsa. ed. EDISES
Problemi di Fisica Biomedica. R. Cerbino. ed. EDISES
Scienze tecniche mediche applicate
Course syllabus
· Concept of risk and danger. Types of risk
· Physical risks. Chemical Risk
· Physical agents
Noise: definition, effects, legislative references
Vibrations: definition, effects, legislative references
o Types of vibration: hand - arm; whole body
Electromagnetic fields: definition, effects, legislative references
Superficial Optical Radiation: definition, effects, legislative references
o Classification of superficial optical radiation
o Ultraviolet Radiation
o Laser
· Chemical agents. Classification of chemical risks
Hazardous chemical agents
Concept of toxicity of a chemical agent and absorbed dose
Toxicological Properties
Absorption and physical states of the agents. Granulometric particle fractions
Teaching methods
The teachers use frontal lessons, including significant applications and exercises. All the learning material used in the lessons is available on the Ariel platform, including additional exercises. The student must attend all lessons.
Chimica generale e inorganica
CHIM/03 - GENERAL AND INORGANIC CHEMISTRY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Intrieri Daniela
Chimica organica
CHIM/06 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Fisica applicata
FIS/07 - APPLIED PHYSICS - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Buscaglia Marco
Scienze tecniche mediche applicate
MED/50 - APPLIED MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY AND METHODOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor: Delussu Nicola
Professor(s)
Reception:
L.I.T.A. Segrate, Via F.lli Cervi 93