Ecologia del paesaggio

A.Y. 2019/2020
6
Max ECTS
48
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/03
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
Il corso esamina i principi e i metodi dell'ecologia dell'ecomosaico e fornisce i concetti chiave dell'ecologia vegetale e dell'ecologia urbana (resilienza e metastabilità, bioindicatori, popolazioni e metapopolazioni, criteri e metodi di valutazione della sostenibilità ambientale). Dopo una breve introduzione sulla disciplina, vengono affrontati le teorie e i modelli propri dell'ecologia a scala di ecosistema e di paesaggio. Quindi vengono esaminati i fondamenti degli elementi del paesaggio (macchie, matrici e corridoi) e le proprietà dell'ecomosaico analizzando i processi ecologici di base, i flussi e il dinamismo.
Expected learning outcomes
Undefined
Course syllabus and organization

Unique edition

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
Course syllabus
- Introductory concepts: Landscape, Geobotanics, Landscape Ecology.
- Notions of general ecology and plant ecology: ecosystem, habitat, ecological niche, ecological value, ecological factors (physiographic, edaphic, climatic, biotic). Climate and bioclimate.
- Chorology: areal of a species, chorological elements, flora, life forms.
- Synecology: vegetation; conceptual and methodological bases of Phytosociology. The detection of vegetation and the processing of the data collected. The dynamism of vegetation (potential vegetation, series of vegetation, serial and chain contacts). Main Italian plant landscapes. Methods for evaluating flora and vegetation. Vegetation mapping and derived maps.
- Biodiversity: definition, evaluation, indices and indicators. Safeguarding biodiversity. Ecological networks.
- Landscape ecology s.s .: functions, eco-field, classification of the landscape, hierarchical theory, landscape as mosaic (patch, corridor), disturbance and fragmentation. Examples of environmental design.
- Ecosystem services: definition, classification, identification.
Prerequisites for admission
Basics of botany, general ecology and plant ecology
Teaching methods
The course includes lectures, seminars and technical visits, classroom reviews of the practical exercise work.
Bibliography
Didactic material provided by the teacher in pdf version (lessons, scientific articles, book chapters, cartography)
Assessement methods and criteria
Two ongoing tests, a practical exercise on environmental mosaic and ecosystem services, final oral examination.
BIO/03 - ENVIRONMENTAL AND APPLIED BOTANY - University credits: 6
Lessons: 48 hours
Professor: Vagge Ilda
Professor(s)