The course aims to teach students adequate tools to apply the design criteria of rural buildings. The course considers both functional requirements deriving from the farm production scheme, and the effects of planning options on farm management.
Expected learning outcomes
Planning elements for rural structures with special reference to structure for livestock farms. Knowledge on environmental requirements of livestock animals and criteria for the definition of functional spaces for animals and for the carrying out of related operations
Lesson period: Second semester
(In case of multiple editions, please check the period, as it may vary)
Relation of rural structures and farm organisation. Design criteria to locate rural buildings in the landscape. Functionality of buildings in relation to farm organisation. Sizing of rural structures in relation to farm demands. Placement of rural structures in the farm. Recovery and change of the use of rural buildings. Design criteria of farm structure intended for production. General criteria for the design of structures intended for production. Functional aspects of structures for livestock farms. Sizing of rural structures in relation to farm demands. Placement of rural structures in the farm. Recovery and change of the use of rural buildings. Design criteria for rural building for farm activities Functional aspects of livestock and poultry sheds. Design criteria of rural buildings in relation to animal requirements and to the environmental and landscape impact. Design criteria for rural buildings for the storage and conditioning of agricultural products. Environmental control inside livestock structures. Control of ambient parameters in rural buildings. Minimum requirements to guarantee animal welfare conditions. Design of the control system of the internal environment in rural buildings (humidity, temperature, gases). Design criteria to reduce emissions. Functional requirements and layout organisation in livestock buildings. Structures for cattle and dairy farms. Structures for pig breeding. Structure for poultry farms. Structures for courtyard animals. Elements on design of other building for the farm. Rural structures in relation to surroundings. The problems related to environmental impact of agricultural activities.
Prerequisites for admission
A basic knowledge of agricultural systems and the fundamentals of mathematics and physics are required
a) frontal lessons b) classroom exercises for the design of livestock structures c) visits to livestock farms
1. Notes of the lessons (ariel.ctu.unimi.it - Costruzioni rurali) 2. CRPA - Ricoveri, attrezzature e impianti per l'allevamento dei suini - Edizioni L'informatore Agrario 3. CRPA - Strutture, attrezzature e impianti per vacche da latte - Edizioni L'informatore Agrario 4. Selected scientific papers reported during the lessons and available on the website www,ariel,it - Costruzioni rurali
Assessement methods and criteria
The assessment of knowledge is divided into: - a test during the course related to the knowledge of cartography and topography; - a test during the course related to the knowledge of the design of livestock buildings. All tests consist in the resolution of application exercises of the same type as those carried out during the course and reported on the course website and in the answer to theoretical questions on the test topic (partly with open answers, partly with closed answers).