Fruit tree production

A.Y. 2019/2020
6
Max ECTS
48
Overall hours
SSD
AGR/03
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The aim of the course is to provide the principles of arboriculture and cultivation methods for the various plant types (trees, bushes, lianes), by studying their morphology, anatomy and physiology and for the general goal of the adoption of the most modern cultivation techniques and valorisation of the genetic and the environmental resources.
Expected learning outcomes
The skills acquired will make the student able to:
- evaluate the key parameters of plantations
- manage different types of arboretums on scientific and modern basis
Course syllabus and organization

Unique edition

Responsible
Lesson period
Second semester
Course syllabus
1CFU: Importance, diffusion, use and problems of tree species fruit, wood and ornamental; statistical data on Italian and European productions; modern fruit farming. Morphological, anatomical and physiological characteristics of radical apparatuses, structure and anatomy, morphology; functions of different types of roots; growth and renewal; how it is distributed in the soil; competition and antagonism; mycorrhizae.
2CFU Morphological features of the aerial apparatus of falling and evergreen tree plants; structure, anatomy, trunk morphology, shoots, branches, buds, leaves and flowers; fruitful formations; development and growth of different organs; youngness and adventitious organs; growth mode; apical dominance, tropism and topophysis. Vegetative and productive biological cycles; vegetable hormones; dormancy: endogenous and climatic factors; demands in chilly and hot, calculating method
3CFU Dynamic development and growth of fruit and seed; different types of fruits morphology and anatomy; use of plant phytoregulators to regulate fruiting and fruit development; maturation process, maturation indices and quality; harvest; conservation. Sexual propagation; seed formation, their production and conservation; seed dormancy, its interruption and germination, epoch and sowing mode, seed cures; juvenility.
4CFU Asexual propagation the methods of multiplication; physiology of rizogenesis, rooting of cuttings; physiology of grafting, techniques and graft types; choice and use of port graft, influence and effects of rootstock, biotic and abiotic resistances; nursery and transplantation, in vitro crops and micropropagation; European law about propagation. Soil influence on productivity and quality: environmental vocation; type of soil, texture and soil depth; water and nutritional capacity, drainage, aeration, organic matter, fertility, salinity and pH of soil;
5CFU Influence of climate factors on productivity and product quality, climate conditions of temperate areas, effect of adversity on different plant organs, strategies and techniques for protection against frost, wind, hail, heat; productions in protected cultivation. The orchard; criteria for varietal choices pedoclimatic, cultural, economic factors; orchard trellis systems and plant density; Purposes and physiological bases of the effects of plant pruning; dormant pruning; fruit thinning
6CFU Water and nutritional balance, absorption and transport of water in arboreal plants, transpiration, deficiency or excess water effects, irrigation; absorption and transport of mineral elements and their function in macro and micronutrient arboreal plants; metabolism of reserve substances and seasonal variations. Cultivation techniques for physiological purposes and bases and plant response; soil management in row and row spacing; manuring

[Program for not attending students with reference to descriptor 1 and 2]:
1CFU: Importance, diffusion, use and problems of tree species fruit, wood and ornamental; statistical data on Italian and European productions; modern fruit farming. Morphological, anatomical and physiological characteristics of radical apparatuses, structure and anatomy, morphology; functions of different types of roots; growth and renewal; how it is distributed in the soil; competition and antagonism; mycorrhizae.
2CFU Morphological features of the aerial apparatus of falling and evergreen tree plants; structure, anatomy, trunk morphology, shoots, branches, buds, leaves and flowers; fruitful formations; development and growth of different organs; youngness and adventitious organs; growth mode; apical dominance, tropism and topophysis. Vegetative and productive biological cycles; vegetable hormones; dormancy: endogenous and climatic factors; demands in chilly and hot, calculating method
3CFU Dynamic development and growth of fruit and seed; different types of fruits morphology and anatomy; use of plant phytoregulators to regulate fruiting and fruit development; maturation process, maturation indices and quality; harvest; conservation. Sexual propagation; seed formation, their production and conservation; seed dormancy, its interruption and germination, epoch and sowing mode, seed cures; juvenility.
4CFU Asexual propagation the methods of multiplication; physiology of rizogenesis, rooting of cuttings; physiology of grafting, techniques and graft types; choice and use of port graft, influence and effects of rootstock, biotic and abiotic resistances; nursery and transplantation, in vitro crops and micropropagation; European law about propagation. Soil influence on productivity and quality: environmental vocation; type of soil, texture and soil depth; water and nutritional capacity, drainage, aeration, organic matter, fertility, salinity and pH of soil;
5CFU Influence of climate factors on productivity and product quality, climate conditions of temperate areas, effect of adversity on different plant organs, strategies and techniques for protection against frost, wind, hail, heat; productions in protected cultivation. The orchard; criteria for varietal choices pedoclimatic, cultural, economic factors; orchard trellis systems and plant density; Purposes and physiological bases of the effects of plant pruning; dormant pruning; fruit thinning
6CFU Water and nutritional balance, absorption and transport of water in arboreal plants, transpiration, deficiency or excess water effects, irrigation; absorption and transport of mineral elements and their function in macro and micronutrient arboreal plants; metabolism of reserve substances and seasonal variations. Cultivation techniques for physiological purposes and bases and plant response; soil management in row and row spacing; manuring
Prerequisites for admission
Knowledge of general botany, plant physiology and agronomy
Teaching methods
lessons
Bibliography
Recommended reference text: Sansavini S. (editor). 2012. Arboricoltura generale. Patron Editore.Bologna.-
Material distributed during the course: slides, figures, tables, graphs, various articles from specialized magazines
Assessement methods and criteria
The verification of the learning will take place with an oral exam, the evaluation criteria will take into consideration the completeness of the learning of the program and the ability to connect the eco-physiological aspects with the agronomic practices.
AGR/03 - ARBORICULTURE AND FRUITCULTURE - University credits: 6
Lessons: 48 hours
Professor: Brancadoro Lucio