Human Physiology

A.Y. 2019/2020
18
Max ECTS
228
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/09
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
the teaching of Human Physiology is aimed at making students understanding:
- the functions of the organs and systems of the human body
- the homeostatic control mechanisms, i.e. the ways through which organs and systems cooperate in maintaining the energy balance and the chemical-physical organization of the organism (physiology of vegetative life)
- the modalities through which the relationships between the organism and the environment take place (physiology of the life of relationship)
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the student might:
· have acquired the elements to evaluate the main physiological parameters in humans
· demonstrate a quantitative and deterministically interconnected approach to assess biomedical variables, including confident processing and interpretation of data charts and graphs
· explain and illustrate the concepts and notions related to the following topics:
Course syllabus and organization

Linea A-L

Course syllabus
- FUNCTIONS OF THE BLOOD
- FUNCTIONS OF THE HEART AND OF THE CIRCULATORY TREE
- FUNCTIONS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
- O2 AND CO2 TRANSPORT IN THE BLOOD
- BUFFER SYSTEMS OF THE BODY
- FUNCTIONS OF THE KIDNEY
- FUNCTIONS OF THE DIGESTIVE TRACT
- PHYSIOLOGY OF THE ENDOCRINE GLANDS
- PHYSIOLOGY OF THE MUSCLE
- ENERGETIC METABOLISM
- BIOMECHANICS AND BIOENERGETICS OF LOCOMOTION
- PRIMARY FUNCTIONS OF THE NEURONS
- ORGANIZATION OF THE SENSORY SYSTEMS
- ORGANIZATION OF THE MOTOR SYSTEMS
- HIGHER FUNCTIONS OF THE BRAIN
- FUNCTIONS OF THE EMATOENCEPHALIC BARRIER
- REGULATION OF THE SLEEP-WAKE CYCLE
- REGULATION OF THE BODY TEMPERATURE
- REGULATION OF THE ARTERIAL PRESSURE
- REGULATION OF THE CARDIAC OUTPUT
- REGULATION OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
- REGULATION OF THE VOLUME AND CONCENTRATION OF THE BODY FLUID
- REGULATION OF THE ACID-BASE BALANCE
- EXTREME ENVIRONMENTS: ALTITUDE AND SCUBA DIVING
Prerequisites for admission
Chemistry, Physics, Biochemistry and Anatomy
Teaching methods
- Lessons supported by visual and audiovisual contents
- Laboratory demonstrations
- Organ Physiology is provided as video lessons, as a rehearsing tool, at the ARIEL Repository
Bibliography
In italiano:
Fisiologia Medica, a cura di F. Conti, edi-ermes
Neurofisiologia - Eccitabilità Cellulare, P. Cavallari, Piccin

Altri testi:
J.B. West, Fisiologia della Respirazione, Piccin, Padova

In Inglese:
G. Cavagna, Fundamentals of Human Physiology, Springer, Heidelberg (Germany)
Assessement methods and criteria
Oral exam consisting of a few questions, aimed at determining the knowledge of Organ Physiology and of Neurophysiology/Control Systems. The candidate must demonstrate to have a precise knowledge of the main physiological parameters and of the functioning mechanisms of the organs. Confidence with quantitative aspects of the subject (graphs, equations and units) will be evaluated during the examination. The student must also be able to discuss functional relations among biological mechanisms. The test is evaluated in 30ths. There are in itinere checks; during oral exams the use of books or notes itis not allowed.
BIO/09 - PHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 18
Informal teaching: 48 hours
Lessons: 180 hours

Linea M-Z

Responsible
Course syllabus
- FUNCTIONS OF THE BLOOD
- FUNCTIONS OF THE HEART AND OF THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
- FUNCTIONS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
- FUNCTIONS OF THE KIDNEY
- FUNCTIONS OF THE GASTRO-ENTHERIC SYSTEM
- PHYSIOLOGY OF ENDOCRINE GLANDS
- PHYSIOLOGY OF THE MUSCLE AND BIOMECHANICS OF LOCOMOTION
- ENERGETIC METABOLISM
- ELEMENTARY FUNCTIONS OF THE NEURONS
- ORGANIZATION OF CARDIAC AUTHORITMICITY AND CONTRACTION
- ORGANIZATION OF SENSORY SYSTEMS
- ORGANIZATION OF MOTOR CONTROL
- HIGHER CEREBRAL FUNCTIONS
- FUNCTIONS OF THE EMATOENCEPHALIC BARRIER
- CONTROL OF SLEEP-WAKE CYCLE
- CONTROL OF BODY TEMPERATURE
- CONTROL OF ARTERIAL PRESSURE
- CONTROL OF HEART RATE
- CONTROL OF BREATH
- CONTROL OF VOLUME AND CONCENTRATION OF BODY FLUIDS
- CONTROL OF ACID-BASE BALANCE
Prerequisites for admission
Basic knowledge of Chemistry, Biochemistry Physics and Anatomy
Teaching methods
- Lessons supported by visual and audiovisual contents
- Laboratory demonstrations
Bibliography
In italian:
Fisiologia Medica, a cura di F. Conti, edi-ermes
Neurofisiologia - Eccitabilità Cellulare, P. Cavallari, Piccin

Supplementary texts:
Fisiologia Medica, Guyton-Hall, Edises
Fisiologia, Klinke, Edises
Principi di Neuroscienze, Kandel, Casa Edtrice Ambrosiana
D.E. Mohrman, L.J. Heller, Fisiologia Cardiovascolare, McGraw-Hill, Milano
J.B. West, Fisiologia della Respirazione, Piccin, Padova
D.C. Eaton, J.P. Pooler, Vander - Fisiologia Renale, McGraw-Hill, Milano

In English:
R. Greger & U. Windhorst, Comprehensive Human Physiology: From Cellular Mechanisms To Integration, Springer, Heidelberg (Germany)
M.J. Zigmond et al., Fundamental Neuroscience, Academic Press, San Diego-CA (United States)
J.R. Levick, An Introduction to Cardiovascular Physiology, Hodder Education, London (England)
Assessement methods and criteria
Oral exam consisting of two questions, one aimed at determining the knowledge of Organ Physiology, the other of Neurophysiology and Control Systems. The candidate must demonstrate to have a precise knowledge of the main physiological parameters and of the functioning mechanisms of the organs. The candidate must also be able to draw functional parallels between them. The test is evaluated in 30ths. There are no ongoing checks and it is not allowed to use texts or notes.
BIO/09 - PHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 18
Informal teaching: 48 hours
Lessons: 180 hours
Educational website(s)
Professor(s)
Reception:
on fridays, from 15.00 to 18.00, by appointment (mail or phone)
Via Mangiagalli 32, second floor
Reception:
Please make an appointment via e-mail
Section Human Physiology, Dept. Pathophysiology and Transplantation, via L. Mangiagalli 32, Milano - 2nd floor, room n. 10
Reception:
Friday 11:00-12:30
my office, 1st floor, Via Mangiagalli 32
Reception:
by prior appointment, arranged by e-mail
Dipartimento di Fisiopatologia Medico-Chirurgica e dei Trapianti, sezione di Fisiologia, via L. Mangiagalli 32