Methodology of the archaeological research and of the history of art

A.Y. 2019/2020
Overall hours
L-ANT/10 L-ART/01
Learning objectives
- To introduce the activities of the archaeological research, with a particular focus on the modern methods of investigation related to excavation, archaeological survey and the study of the ancient production. Attention is also given to underwater archeology and to the cargoes of the wrecks of the Mediterranean, whose study allows us to reconstruct the history of ancient trades.
- The module aims to provide students with guidelines for understanding the visual culture of the Mediterranean civilisations between the Late antiquity and the Middle Ages by the methods of the history of art, with a particular focus on the historical contextualisation and the iconographic and formal analysis of artistic representations.
Expected learning outcomes
- The course is designed to provide students with the necessary tools for the study of archaeological contexts, of the on land and underwater finds, and to elaborate and to interpret the data through archaeological and archaeometric methods.
- Reading independently and contextualising, from a historical and cultural perspective, late antique and medieval artworks by the methods of the history of art; presenting the topics covered in the module in a clear and logical manner according to the terminology of the discipline. Awareness of the importance of history and history of art as essential sources for the understanding of all civilisations.
Course syllabus and organization

Unique edition

Lesson period
First semester
Prerequisites for admission
Students who take an exam in the module of Methodology of Art History must have previously taken the module of Methodology of Archaeological Research.
Assessement methods and criteria
Oral exam. Marks are out of 30.
Metodologia della ricerca archeologica
Course syllabus
The course will provide an introduction to a wide range of basic themes of archaeological field research including excavation, survey, finds, giving space to the scientific methods (archaeometry) and their application in the archaeological field (dating methods, prospection, determination of origin, technology).
The lectures include the presentation of ongoing archaeometric projects and databases realized within the Immensa Aequora project ( If possible, the module will be integrated with practical classes about stratigraphy and documentation/interpretation of archaeological data (Republican Villa of Dragoncello - Acilia - Ostia - Rome).
Teaching methods
Lectures with the aid of PowerPoint presentations.
There will be practical lessons on ancient finds (description and classification of objects/finds).
Bibliography (attending students)
1) C. Renfrew, P. Bahn, Archeologia: Teorie, Metodi, Pratica, Zanichelli Editori, Bologna 2006 (in particolare, i capitoli: 1, 2, 3, 4, 8 e 9).
2) Dizionario di Archeologia, (a cura di R. Francovich e D. Manacorda), Editori Laterza, Roma-Bari 2000
in particolare, le voci: Archeometria; Campionatura; Commercio (Archeologia del); Contesto; Cronologia; Cultura Materiale; Datazione; Determinazione d'origine; Diagnostica archeologica; Etnoarcheologia; Geoarcheologia; New Archaeology; Produzione (Archeologia della); Post-processuale (Archeologia); Ricognizione archeologica; Scavo archeologico; Scavo, pratica e documentazione; Seriazione; Sperimentale (archeologia); Subacquea (archeologia); Tecnologie produttive; Urbana (archeologia).
3) Uno a scelta tra:
- A. Guidi, I metodi della ricerca archeologica, Roma 2005 (in particolare, i capitoli 3 e 4)
- E. C. Harris, Principi di stratigrafia archeologica, Roma 1995 (le parti 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10 - da confermare - e le Appendici del volume).
4) R. Petriaggi, B. Davidde, Archeologia sott'acqua. Teoria e pratica, Roma 2007 (capitoli 1, 2, 6 e 7).

Bibliography (non-attending students) :
(Programma precedente a cui vanno aggiunti:)
- Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana (a cura di), Il mondo dell'archeologia: Storia, metodi, protagonisti, Roma 2002
in particolare, i capitoli: L'indagine sul campo (pp. 149-222); Le datazioni (pp. 266-292); Metodi matematici e statistici (pp. 310-326).
un volume a scelta tra:
- G. P. Brogiolo, Archeologia dell'edilizia storica, Como 1988.
- T. Mannoni, E. Giannichedda, Archeologia della produzione, Torino 1996.
- E. Giannichedda, Archeologia teorica, Roma 2002.
- M. Vidale, Che cos'è l'etnoarcheologia, Roma 2004.
- M. Jones, Cacciatori di molecole. L'archeologia alla ricerca del DNA antico, Roma 2005.
- P. E. McGovern, L'archeologo e l'uva, Roma 2005.
- S. Settis, Paesaggio, Costituzione, Cemento, Milano 2010.
- F. Cambi, Manuale di archeologia dei paesaggi, Roma 2011.
- E. Farinetti, I paesaggi in archeologia: analisi e interpretazione, Roma 2012
Storia dell'arte
Course syllabus
Visual culture of the late antique and medieval Mediterranean. Case studies and methodological problems
The module retraces the development of the visual culture in the Mediterranean area (especially the Italian Peninsula, territories of the Byzantine Empire and related state entities) between the Late antiquity and the Middle Ages, by the methods proper to the discipline. After an overview on the chronological and geographical extent, the focus will be on substantial case studies, in order to outline the evolution of the main artistic phenomena in relation to different sectors of production (monumental contexts, painting, sculpture, luxury or decorative arts and numismatics). The methodological approach (mainly historical, iconographic and formal) aims to contextualise the artistic expression and consider it as a source for the knowledge of the civilisations flourished in the Mediterranean area during the medieval millennium.
Teaching methods
Lectures with the aid of PowerPoint presentations made available in PDF on Ariel.
Bibliography (attending students):

- Immagini mostrate durante le lezioni rese disponibili in PDF sulla piattaforma Ariel.

- G. Cricco, F.P. Di Teodoro, Itinerario nell'arte, vol. 2: Dall'arte paleocristiana a Giotto, Bologna, Zanichelli, 2016 (versione gialla - 'quarta edizione').

Bibliography (non-attending students):

- G. Cricco, F.P. Di Teodoro, Itinerario nell'arte, vol. 2: Dall'arte paleocristiana a Giotto, Bologna, Zanichelli, 2016 (versione gialla - 'quarta edizione').

- M. della Valle, Costantinopoli e il suo impero. Arte, architettura, urbanistica nel millennio bizantino, Milano, Jaca Book, 2007 o ristampe successive.

Materiale integrativo facoltativo / Optional bibliography:

- M. della Valle, Costantinopoli e il suo impero. Arte, architettura, urbanistica nel millennio bizantino, Milano, Jaca Book, 2007 o ristampe successive (obbligatorio per studenti non frequentanti).

- Th.F. Mathews, Scontro di dei. Una reinterpretazione dell'arte paleocristiana, Milano, Jaca Book, 2005 o ristampe successive.

- A. Monciatti, L'arte nel Duecento, Torino, Einaudi, 2013.

- B.V. Pentcheva, Icone e potere. La Madre di Dio a Bisanzio, Milano, Jaca Book, 2010 o ristampe successive.

- L. Travaini, I capelli di Carlo il Calvo. Indagine sul ritratto monetale nell'Europa medievale, Roma, Quasar, 2013.
Metodologia della ricerca archeologica
Lessons: 48 hours
Storia dell'arte
L-ART/01 - HISTORY OF MEDIEVAL ART - University credits: 6
Lessons: 48 hours