Morphological and functional basis of life

A.Y. 2019/2020
6
Max ECTS
60
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/09 BIO/16 BIO/17
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The aim of this course consists in:
- describing the morphology of cells and tissues related to their function, drawing the attention on the dynamic aspects of their interactions inside our body
- obtaining a basic knowledge on human anatomy from a functional point of view, particularly related to the study of macroscopic anatomy
- describing the normal and proper functioning of the various human organs and systems.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of this course the student should:
- know the macroscopic human anatomy of the following systems: skeletal, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urinary, endocrine, reproductive, Nervous Central System
- know the physiological bases of the above-mentioned systems
- be able to use the correct terminology in the morphological and functional description of the human body systems.
Course syllabus and organization

Unique edition

Responsible
Prerequisites for admission
No prior knowledge required.
Assessement methods and criteria
Written test with quizzes (with 3 or 4 answer options). The test can also be taken twice in the same session.
The final exam aims to assess the achievement of the set educational objectives. The student must demonstrate that he has understood the structure of the human organism in its fundamental traits for the survival of the individual. The teachers reserve the right to carry out an ongoing test with quizzes which will be confirmed to the students well in advance. The final grade of the entire integrated course will be defined by the weighted average of the grades reported in the individual modules (Physiology, Anatomy Histology).
The booking on the UNIMIA portal, within the dates established for each appeal, is mandatory for the examination.
Fisiologia
Course syllabus
Cell physiology. The membranes in the body; cell membranes; the liquid compartments of the organism; movement through the membranes; distribution of water and solutes in the body (OSMOLARITY).
Nervous system. Organization of the nervous system; the cells of the nervous system; electrical signals in neurons (Nerst eq., Goldman eq., electrotonic potentials, action potential); intercellular communication in the nervous system (SINAPSI).
Physiology of the muscle and the cardiovascular system. Skeletal muscle; overall view of the cardiovascular system; pressure, volume, flow and resistance; the myocardium and the heart; the heart as a pump.
Teaching methods
The course is divided into a series of lectures with Power Point slides accompanied by practical exercises on 3D macroscopic anatomical models. The lectures slides are uploaded to the Ariel website.
Bibliography
D.U. SILVERTHORN: FISIOLOGIA: un approccio integrato - Pearson Education Italia
Anatomia umana
Course syllabus
CONSTRUCTIVE PRINCIPLES OF THE HUMAN BODY.
Body scheme.
- Anatomical terminology.
- Body spaces: connective, serosal, neural.
- Definition of organ, system, apparatus.
- Hollow organs and full organs.
INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM.
- General information on skin and skin appendages.
LOCOMOTOR APPARATUS.
- General information on bones, joints, muscles.
- Axial and appendicular skeleton.
- Joints of the human body.
- Muscles of the head, trunk and limbs.
CIRCULATORY SYSTEM.
- Organization of the cardiovascular system.
- Heart.
- Main arterial vessels and distribution territory.
- Main venous vessels and drainage area.
- General information on the lymphatic circulatory system.
LYMPHIDE AND HEMOPOIETIC ORGANS.
- Bone marrow.
- Thymus, tonsils, lymph nodes.
- Spleen.
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM.
- Upper airways: nose and sinuses, nasopharynx.
- Lower airways: larynx, trachea, bronchi.
- Lungs and pleurae.
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
- Oral cavity: teeth, tongue, salivary glands.
- Pharynx.
- Esophagus.
- Stomach.
- Small and large intestine.
- Liver and biliary tract.
- Pancreas.
- Peritoneum.
URINARY SYSTEM.
- Kidneys.
- Urinary tract: renal pelvis, ureters, bladder, urethra.
MALE GENITAL APPARATUS.
- Testicles.
- Spermatic pathways: epididymis, vas deferens, ejaculatory ducts.
- Glands attached to the spermatic tract: seminal vesicles, prostate.
FEMALE GENITAL SYSTEM.
- Ovaries.
- Genital tract: uterine tube, uterus, vagina.
ENDOCRINE APPARATUS.
- Pituitary gland.
- hyroid and parathyroid glands.
- Adrenal gland.
NERVOUS APPARATUS.
- Central nervous system: spinal cord, brain (brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon, telencephalus), meninges and cerebrospinal fluid, main routes and connections.
- Peripheral nervous system: cranial nerves, spinal nerves and plexuses (general and innervation territory), sympathetic nervous system (general organization).
SPECIFIC SENSITIVITY EQUIPMENT: VISUAL, AUDITIVE AND VESTIBULAR APPARATUS (GENERAL ORGANIZATION).
Teaching methods
The course is divided into a series of lectures with Power Point slides accompanied by practical exercises on 3D macroscopic anatomical models. The lectures slides are uploaded to the Ariel website.
Bibliography
AMBROSI ET AL.: Anatomia dell'uomo - Edi. Ermes, 2006
MARTINI ET AL.: Anatomia umana - EdiSES, 2016
WEBER ET AL.: Anatomia radiologica di Netter - Elsevier, 2009
MCKINLEY, O' LOUGHLIN, MICHETTI: Anatomia Umana - Piccin, 2014
Istologia
Course syllabus
THE CELL.
- Form and dimensions; components; cellular activity: exocytosis and endocytosis; intercellular junction systems.
THE TISSUES.
- Epithelial tissues: covering epithelia; exocrine and endocrine glandular epithelia; sensory epithelia.
- Connective tissues: connective tissue proper; adipose tissue; supporting connective tissues: cartilage tissue, bone tissue; blood and lymph.
- Muscle tissues: smooth, skeletal striated, myocardial.
- Nervous tissue.
Teaching methods
The course is divided into a series of lectures with Power Point slides accompanied by practical exercises on 3D macroscopic anatomical models. The lectures slides are uploaded to the Ariel website.
Bibliography
AMBROSI ET AL.: Anatomia dell'uomo - Edi. Ermes, 2006
MARTINI ET AL.: Anatomia umana - EdiSES, 2016
WEBER ET AL.: Anatomia radiologica di Netter - Elsevier, 2009
MCKINLEY, O' LOUGHLIN, MICHETTI: Anatomia Umana - Piccin, 2014
Anatomia umana
BIO/16 - HUMAN ANATOMY - University credits: 4
Lessons: 40 hours
Professor: Bignotto Monica
Fisiologia
BIO/09 - PHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor: Brambilla Dario
Istologia
BIO/17 - HISTOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor: Cappella Annalisa