The course describes the morphological aspects of tissues and organs of the human body in relation to their systematic microscopic and macroscopic organization, with particular deepening of the structures of the oral cavity and the masticatory apparatus.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the integrated course the student has understood the organization of the human body in its macroscopic and microscopic aspects and possess a deep knowledge of the organs and structures of the masticatory apparatus.
Lesson period: First semester
(In case of multiple editions, please check the period, as it may vary)
The 30th grade generated by the quiz can be confirmed, raised or lowered from the final oral exam without constraints. There are no on-going tests, but only 8 exam sessions per academic year. The results of the written test will be communicated to the students through a printed document hanging on the board of the Institute located in via Mangiagalli 31 and via email to the student representatives.
I- Human anatomy CONSTRUCTIVE PRINCIPLES OF THE HUMAN BODY Body scheme; anatomical terminology; spaces, cavities and body regions; organs, systems, apparata. TEGUMENTARY APPARATUS General information on the skin and skin appendages. LOCOMOTOR APPARATUS General information on bones, joints, muscles; axial and appendicular skeleton; joints of the human body; head, trunk and limb muscles. NERVOUS APPARATUS Central nervous system: spinal cord; encephalon: brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon, telencephalon; meninges; cerebrospinal fluid; main pathways. Peripheral nervous system: cranial nerves, spinal nerves and plexuses: content and innervation territory; sympathetic nervous system: general organization. Special sense organs: taste, olfactory, visual, auditory and vestibular apparatus: general organization. ENDOCRINE APPARATUS Pituitary gland; epiphysis; thyroid; parathyroid; adrenal gland; endocrine pancreas; neuroendocrine system. CIRCULATORY SYSTEM Organization of the cardiovascular system; heart; main arterial vessels and distribution; main veins and drainage; general information on the lymphatic circulatory system. LYMPHIDE AND HEMOPOIETIC ORGANS Bone marrow; thyme; tonsils; lymph nodes; spleen. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM pharynx; esophagus; stomach; small and large intestine; liver and biliary tract; pancreas; peritoneum. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM Airways: nose and sinuses, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and bronchioles; lungs; pleura. URINARY SYSTEM Kidneys; urinary tract: calyxes, renal pelvis, ureters, bladder, urethra. MALE GENITAL APPARATUS Testes; spermatic pathways: epididymis, vas deferens, ejaculatory duct; glands attached to the spermatic tract: seminal vesicles, prostate. FEMALE GENITAL SYSTEM Ovarian; genital tract: uterine tube, uterus, vagina.
II. Anatomy of the stomatognathic apparatus - Morphology and architecture of the skull (bones, endo- and exocranial fossae) - Masticatory muscles - Temporo-mandibular joint - Morphology and limits of the oral cavity - Architecture and structure of the tongue - Structure of the major and minor salivary glands - Morphology of teeth and dental arches (macro and microscopic aspects) - Organogenesis of the tooth - Morpho-functional aspects of the periodontium - Vascularization and innervation of the oral cavity
The course is mainly organized in lectures alternated with some practical exercises of macroscopic anatomy using plastic models of different sizes and shapes, extracted teeth and anatomical tables illustrating sections of the human body in the various projections to guide work in small groups.
Anatomia generale/Human Anatomy: - Ambrosi G. et al. Anatomia dell'uomo. 2006, Edi.Ermes, Milano. - Martini F.H. et al. Anatomia umana. 2012, EdiSES, Napoli. - Tillman B. Atlante di anatomia - Odontoiatria e Medicina. 1997, RC Edizioni Scientifiche, Milano.
Anatomia dell'apparato stomatognatico/Anatomy of the stomatognatic apparatus: - Dellavia C. Compendio di Anatomia Oro-facciale per l'attività clinica odontostomatologica. 2016. EdiSES, Napoli. - Dellavia C, Gagliano N, Orlando F. I colori e le forme della ricerca in odontoiatria. Atlante di istologia orale. 2001, Quintessenza Edizioni s.r.l., Rho (Mi).
EUKARYOTIC CELL: Organization and Structure EPITHELIAL TISSUES: lining epithelium and glandular epithelium CONNECTIVE TISSUES: connective tissue proper; adipose tissue; cartilage; bone tissue; blood MUSCLE TISSUE: skeletal muscle tissue, cardiac muscle tissue, smooth muscle tissue. NERVOUS TISSUE: Neurons and glial cells. Nerve fibers. Transmission of nerve impulse
Classroom teaching and exercise through the projection and discussion of images depicting histological sections.
· Adamo S, Comoglio P, Molinaro M, Siracusa G, Stefanini M, Ziparo E. - ISTOLOGIA (per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie) - Piccin · Calligaro A, Colombo R, De Pol A, et al. - CITOLOGIA E ISTOLOGIA FUNZIONALE - edi-ermes