Neurophthalmology

A.Y. 2019/2020
7
Max ECTS
70
Overall hours
SSD
MED/26 MED/27 MED/30 MED/34 MED/50
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
Translating in semiotics the knowledge of the organization of central visual pathways and control mechanisms of the ocular motility. Introducing the knowledge of some neurological topics related to metabolic and demyelinating diseases of the brain and of the optic neuropathies.
Expected learning outcomes
The student at the end of the course will need to be able to recognize the organization and control of the visual pathways and oculomotor system
Course syllabus and organization

Unique edition

Prerequisites for admission
No prior knoweldge needed.
Assessement methods and criteria
Quiz Drab
Neurologia
Course syllabus
Defects of the sample
Eye motility check and defects
Mycosis and mydriasis
Diseases demyelinating of the central nervous system
Hereditary optical neuropathies
Progressive and mitochondrial diseases
Myasthenia gravis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Bibliography
Slide
Neurochirurgia
Course syllabus
Thopographical anatomy of the orbital region and anterior optic pathways
Diseases of the orbital region
Diseases of the hypothalamic and pituitary region
Diseases of the poetrior optic pathways and clinical cases
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Bibliography
F. Netter Atlante di Anatomia Umana. Vol 7 Sistema nervoso: Parte prima: Anatomia e Fisiologia; Parte seconda: Malattie neurologiche e neuromuscolari, Ed Masson.
I. Papo, RM Villani. Neurochirurgia clinica. Ed Medico Scientifiche, 2002
Malattie dell'apparato visivo
Course syllabus
Functional anatomy of the retina and optic nerve
- Cycle of vision: canonic cycle and cone cycle
- Main electrofunctional tests and correlation with response generators
- Opticopathies
- Chiasmatic and retrochiasmatic pathologies and correlation with perimetric deficits
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Bibliography
D. Messenio - E. Fiorentini: Fondamenti di elettrofisiologia oculare - Felici Editore 1999
F. Carta - Neuroftalmologia - Goliardica Editrice - Parma
Medicina fisica e riabilitativa
Course syllabus
Evolution of the sense of sight in primates and in man.
a) Relationship between the evolution of vision and smell, the position of the eyes, the field of vision and the size of the brain.
b) Exaltation of the sense of sight in primates: stereoscopic and trichromatic vision; differences between the trichromatic vision of man and the dichromatic vision of animals.
2- The visual system and retinal projections.
3- Brain Integration Areas of Visual Information.
4- mirror neurons
a) Mirror system in monkeys and humans
b) Motor resonance control
c) mirror neurons and language
d) Mirror system in the blind
5- sensations, perceptions, emotions
6 - Characteristics of visual perception.
7 - The perception of space and objects.
a) The space scanning.
b) The optical illusions.
c) blindsight" or blind vision
6 - Disturbances in the perception and identification of objects.
a) The visual agnosies
b) cortical blindness
7 - The visual-spatial disturbances
a) optical or visual motor ataxia
b) open construction
6 - The neglect
7 - the neuroplasticity.
a) Post-lesional recovery
Effects of rehabilitation on brain plasticity
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Bibliography
Lecture notes and notes recommended by the teacher during the course
Scienze tecniche mediche applicate
Course syllabus
Incomitant and paralytic strabismus
The main diagnostic tests
Evaluation of oculomotor deficits
Pupil dynamics
Central Nervous System demyelinating diseases
Hereditary optic neuropathies
Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia and mitochondrial diseases
Myasthenia Gravis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Bibliography
Slides and bibliography by the Lecturer (slides that retrace the topics covered in the lesson
Malattie dell'apparato visivo
MED/30 - OPHTHALMOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Messenio Dario
Medicina fisica e riabilitativa
MED/34 - PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Neurochirurgia
MED/27 - NEUROSURGERY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor: Caroli Manuela
Neurologia
MED/26 - NEUROLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Scienze tecniche mediche applicate
MED/50 - APPLIED MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY AND METHODOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Pirola Giacinta