Physiology and Pathology of the Ophthalmic Optics

A.Y. 2019/2020
5
Max ECTS
50
Overall hours
SSD
FIS/07 MED/30 MED/50
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course aims to provide the concepts necessary to understand the functioning of the eye as an optical system and to know the ocular refractive defects and how to quantify and correct them.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the student will have to know and will be able to apply the principles of optics and their application to human vision, it will be able to identify defects of ocular refraction, know how to quantify them and know how to correct them using objective and subjective methods correctly.
Course syllabus and organization

Unique edition

Prerequisites for admission
No prior knowledge required
Assessement methods and criteria
Written test on:the resolution of problems indicating the fundamental steps, having contents and difficulties similar to those faced in the exercises; passing a test with multiple choice questions on the topics of the program, some of which may require solving simple problems.
Fisica applicata
Course syllabus
Wave phenomena. Electromagnetic waves. Propagation of electromagnetic waves and interaction with matter. The nature of light. The fundamental laws of geometric optics. Refractive index, laws of reflection, refraction and diffraction of light. Optics of simple systems: mirrors, spherical surfaces, thin lenses. Image formation and magnification. Image formation in thin lens systems. Optical aberrations. Combinations of lenses and optical instrumentation. The human eye as an optical system. The visual function. Visual defects and calculation of correction lenses. Visual acuity and diffraction limit. Depth of field. Optical properties of materials. Laser scanning techniques for the examination of the fundus of the eye and types of instrumentation.
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons. Application examples and short exercises are also presented and discussed during the lessons. All the teaching material used in the lessons is available on the Ariel platform, including additional exercises. Attendance at lessons is compulsory.
Bibliography
Cromer, A. H., "Fisica per Medicina Farmacia e Biologia", Piccin Editore
- Scannicchio, D., "Fisica biomedica", Edises
- Pedrotti, F. L., Pedrotti, L. M., Pedrotti, L. S., "Introduction to Optics", Pearson Education Limited
Malattie dell'apparato visivo
Course syllabus
Eye as optical instrument: cornea and crystalline
The photoreceptors
Refraction
The lenses and the vergence
Any lack of refraction
Myopia
Hypermetropia
Astigmatism
Presbyopia
The diopter power and its unit of measurement
Visual activity and its unit of measurement
Accomodation
The tone of the ciliary muscle
Cyclopegic
Keratometry
Skiascopy
Autorefractometry
Refractometry subjective
Correction of refractive defects
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Bibliography
G.P.Paliaga I Vizi di Rifrazione Edizioni Minerva Medica
Scienze tecniche mediche applicate
Course syllabus
A) ALTERATIONS OF THE CHROMATIC SENSE AND EXAMINATION OF THE CHROMATIC SENSE
B) OPHTHALMIC OPTIC ELEMENTS
C) COMPENSATION OF AMETROPIES
D) TECHNIQUES OF PRACTICAL EXECUTION OF REFRACTION (OBJECTIVE and SUBJECTIVE)
E) AMBLYOPIA AND REFRACTION TECHNIQUES IN CHILDREN
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Bibliography
1) G.P.Paliaga, I vizi di refrazione (IV Edizione 2008), Edizione Minerva Medica
2) Slide e appunti delle lezioni
Fisica applicata
FIS/07 - APPLIED PHYSICS - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Buscaglia Marco
Malattie dell'apparato visivo
MED/30 - OPHTHALMOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Villani Edoardo
Scienze tecniche mediche applicate
MED/50 - APPLIED MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY AND METHODOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours