Recycle and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of products and processes

A.Y. 2019/2020
6
Max ECTS
48
Overall hours
SSD
CHIM/04
Language
English
Learning objectives
The course has two main goals: 1) to promote a deep understanding of the computational structure of the Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) methodology; 2) to apply this methodology to evaluate the sustainability of materials and processes. In pursuing these goals, special attention will be paid to the definition and construction of systems of environmental impact indicators to be used in the assessment procedure. A consistent portion of the course will be devoted to the application of the LCA methodology to representative real life cases. Exercise sessions will be mainly quantitative; no specific numerical skills are required.
Expected learning outcomes
Students will master the Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) methodology and will be able to apply it to real life cases. They will be able to present a case study on a selected topic.
Course syllabus and organization

Unique edition

Course syllabus
The course has two main goals: 1) to promote a deep understanding of the computational structure of the Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) methodology; 2) to apply this methodology to evaluate the sustainability of materials and processes. In pursuing these goals, special attention will be paid to the definition and construction of systems of environmental impact indicators to be used in the assessment procedure. A consistent portion of the course will be devoted to the application of the LCA methodology to representative real life cases. Exercise sessions will be mainly quantitative; no specific numerical skills are required.


Course content
1. Life Cycle Analysis and Life Cycle Thinking: historical background, regulation, procedures, applications. Calculation methodology, databases and technical software. Sustainability assessment: introductory concepts.
2. Ecoindicators: pollutant diffusions in the environment, measurement methods, environmental and damage impact category, impact quantification, energetic approach.
3. Industrial processes for materials productions: case studies (i.e. cement, polymeric materials, metallic materials and ceramic materials).
4. Materials End-of-Life: open and closed-loop recycling, re-use, waste-to-energy process, waste management processes.
Prerequisites for admission
Basic knowledge of mass and energy balances.
Good skill with the use of a computer.
Teaching methods
Frontal lectures in the classroom with projection of PPT slides present on Ariel.
Exercises on the use of the SimaPro software.
Bibliography
· W. Klöpffer and B. Grahl, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) - A Guide to Best Practice, Wiley-VCH, 2014
· M.F. Ashby, Materials and the Environment - Eco-informed materials choice, Elsevier, 2013
Assessement methods and criteria
Preparation of a free theme project through the use of the SimaPro software given to the student for the duration of the course.
CHIM/04 - INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY - University credits: 6
Lessons: 48 hours