The course provides a basic knowledge of biological, ethological and morphological characteristics of wild ungulates and of the main tools for wildlife management (e.g. census methods, captures and translocations, culling plans, etc.).
Expected learning outcomes
After this course, the students will have a basic knowledge of wildlife management of different wild species in protected areas, as well as in areas subjected to hunting management and in extensive or intensive farming conditions. In addition the students will be able to plan and achieve wildlife management interventions in mountain areas; to evaluate the impact of animal husbandry activities on wildlife in mountain areas.
Lesson period: Second semester
(In case of multiple editions, please check the period, as it may vary)
LESSONS · Laws regulating wildlife management (1 h) · The domestication process (2 h) · Principles of extensive management (1 h) · Biology and behaviour of alpine ungulate species (5 h) · Identification of sex and age classes of wild ungulate species (4 h) · Census methods (2 h) · Captures (2 h) · Translocations (0.5 h) · Setting culling plans (0.5 h) · Interactions between wild and domestic fauna (4 h) · Fauna and primary productions (2 h)
PRACTICAL TRAINING · Field trips (10 h) · Projection and discussion of videos (4 h) · Practical age estimation on trophies and jaws (2 h).
Prerequisites for admission
Passing the exam of Animal Biology (first year)
Frontal lessons, supplemented by exercises for the recognition of sex and age classes from photos and videos, and for age estimation of culled animals through the analysis of trophies and mandibles. The course ends with a didactic field trip, aimed at putting into practice the recognition of the various species, sex and age classes of wild ungulates and the implementation of census methods and of identification of signs pf presence.
SLIDES AND SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL AVAILABLE ON THE ARIEL PLATFORM OF THE COURSE: Banca Dati Ungulati (ISPRA) Monitoraggio di Uccelli e Mammiferi in Lombardia Linee guida per la gestione degli ungulati (ISPRA) Linee guida per la gestione del cinghiale Guida al rilevamento biometrico degli ungulati Piano Faunistico-Venatorio della Prov. di Sondrio Piano di miglioramento ambientale Prov. di Sondrio Rapporto Orso della Prov. di Trento WEB SITES: ISPRA: http://www.isprambiente.gov.it/it/pubblicazioni
BOOKS FOR FURTHER DEEPENING: Mustoni A., Pedrotti L., Zanon E., Tosi G. (2002) Ungulati delle Alpi. Nitida Immagine Editrice, Trento Mattiello S., Mazzarone V. (2010) Il cervo in Italia, biologia e gestione tra Alpi e Appennini. Ed. Geographica s.r.l., Teggiano (SA) (http://www.geographicasrl.it). Massei G., Genov P. (2000). Il cinghiale. Calderini, Edizioni Edagricole, Bologna
Assessement methods and criteria
The exam consists of an oral interview aimed at ascertaining the acquisition, the correct understanding and the ability to re-elaborate the course contents. The educational material available on the Ariel platform allows the formulation of questions aimed at verifying the knowledge of the subject, the expository capacity, the capacity for critical analysis of the contents. The outcome will be expressed in thirtieths and the final grade will take into account the accuracy and quality of the answers, as well as the communication skills and the ability to adequately motivate statements, analyses and judgments during the interview.