The course deals with the applications of physical geography and geomorphology to environmental problems. Geomorphological hazard and risk related to surface and endogenous processes will be analyzed. The relationship between geomorphology and resources will be illustrated.
-Applied geomorphology and application fields: concepts, geomorphological processes impact on human activities and society; anthropic activities impact on geomorphological processes; changes in geomorphological systems linked with resource management. Contribution of geomorphology to Environmental studies.
-Geomorphological mappings: methods, basic and thematic maps, analysis of cartographic data, aerial photos, satellite images; landforms and geomorphological processes identification.
Geological and geomorphological hazard and risk: environmental hazard, vulnerability, basics of impact and risk. Land-use planning. Applied geomorphology and land planning. Atmospheric hazard and geomorphological hazard.
Geomorphological processes, hazard, risk and impacts
-Surface processes (weathering, slope wash and running waters), slope instability (mass wasting, mass movements, landslide, gravitative deposits characteristics and morphology), landslide hazard and risk: mass movements and landslides; landslide causes; morphology of deposits, slopes stability, monitoring activities, prevention, defense actions; stream course and fluvial dynamic (floods, return time, urbanization effects, monitoring, mitigation actions and defense actions, zonation. Risk mitigation; defence works; hazard, vulnerability and risk management.
-Coast environment hazard and risk: geomorphological processes and coastal dynamic, coastal erosion, coast hazard and risk, defense actions.
-Karst environment: hazard and risk; geological and hydrogeological problems. Subsidence and collapsing
- subsidence: natural and anthropic causes.
Hazard and risk in different morphoclimatic environments: 1) glacial and periglacial environments: landforms; glacial and periglacial processes dynamic, glacial instability, glacial lakes, avalanches, thermokarst . Processes and damaging events, prevision and prediction, prevention and defense actions; 2) arid and desert environments; landforms and processes (aeolian dynamics, salt action, flash floods etc) monitoring and mitigation actions.
- The contribution of geomorphology to volcanic hazard and risk and morphoneotectonic.
- Geomorphological hazard and risk related to tourism and touristic trails.
- Dendrogeomorphological reconstruction of pas hazard events.
Applied geomorphology and natural resources management: 1) water resource (surface and ground waters and impact of exploitations, glaciers); 2) soils: Classification of soil, soil processes, water flow and water erosion, soil erosion, Land Evaluation s.s., Land Suitability, Land Capabilit; soil defence; 3) Geomorphoheritage: concepts, census, evaluation, valorization, hazard, risks and impacts liked with fruition.
Geomorphological and thematic mapping (geomorphological hazard and risk map), soil maps and integration with geomorphological mapping, aerial photos, satellite images (methods, analysis).