Basic biological and morphological sciences

A.Y. 2015/2016
Lesson for
6
Max ECTS
60
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/13 BIO/16 BIO/17
Language
Italian

Course structure and Syllabus

Active edition
Yes
Responsible
Anatomia umana
BIO/16 - HUMAN ANATOMY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Dolci Claudia
Biologia applicata
BIO/13 - EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Doneda Luigia
Istologia
BIO/17 - HISTOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor: Bignotto Monica
Biologia applicata
Syllabus
MODULE: APPLIED BIOLOGY

Objectives
The Course of Applied Biology aims to let the students know the morpho-functional and metabolic properties of both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, as well as to give the basic knowledge of the genetic code and gene expression regulation in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

Topics
STUDY OF LIFE
Biology introduction. Properties of living organisms; cellular theory; prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Variability of living beings and evolution.

THE EUKARYOTIC CELL
Eukaryotic cells shape, size and structure; plasma membrane: structure and permeability; the cytoplasm; the nucleus-nuclear membrane, structure and function; nucleolus, DNA, chromatin, chromosomes; ribosomes: structure and function; the system of intracellular membranes: structure and function of smooth and rough endoplasmic reticulum, the Golgi apparatus, the lysosome, the peroxisome; mitochondria: structure and inheritance; the cytoskeleton and its peculiarity to define the cell shape and movement: microtubules, intermediate filaments and microfilaments.

GENETIC INFORMATION
Nucleic acids: DNA, RNA and proteins; the structure of DNA; DNA replication; gene expression information: DNA transcription, maturation of primary transcripts, the genetic code, translation, post-translational modifications and final destination of proteins
Anatomia umana
Syllabus
MODULE: HUMAN ANATOMY

Objectives
The Course of Human Anatomy aims to let students acquire knowledge about the following:
- morphologic organization of the human body from the organ to the system/apparatus level,
- position of organs inside the body and their anatomical relationships,
- main morpho-functional relationships of anatomical structures in the human body.

Topics
STRUCTURE OF THE BODY
General organization of the human body; anatomical terms; body spaces, cavities, and regions; organs, organ systems, and apparatuses.

INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM
General organization of the skin and its accessory structures.

SKELETAL AND MUSCULAR SYSTEM
General structure of bones, joints, and muscles; axial skeleton, appendicular skeleton; joints of human body; muscles of the head and neck, muscles of the trunk, muscles that move the upper and lower extremities.

NERVOUS SYSTEM
Central nervous system:
spinal cord; brain: brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon, cerebrum; meninges; cerebrospinal fluid; main ascending and descending pathways.
Peripheral nervous system:
cranial nerves, spinal nerves, and plexuses: general information and territory of innervation; autonomic nervous system: general organization.
Sense organs:
taste receptors, smell receptors, eye, and ear: general organization.

ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
Pituitary gland; pineal gland; thyroid gland; parathyroid glands; adrenal glands; pancreatic islets; endocrino; diffuse neuroendocrine system.

CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
General organization of the circulatory system; heart; main arteries and their territory of distribution; main veins and their territory of drainage; lymphatic system: general organization.

HEMATOPOIETIC AND LYMPHOID ORGANS
Bone marrow; thymus; tonsils; lymph nodes; spleen.

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
Oral cavity: teeth, tongue, salivary glands; pharynx; esophagus; stomach; small intestine; large intestine; liver; biliary system; pancreas; peritoneum.

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
Respiratory tract: nose and paranasal sinuses, pharynx; larynx, trachea, bronchi and bronchioles; lungs; pleura.

URINARY SYSTEM
Kidneys; urinary tract: calyces, renal pelvis, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra.

MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
Testes; reproductive ducts: epididymis, ductus deferens, eiaculatory duct; urethra; glands: seminal vesicles, prostate gland.

FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
Ovaries; reproductive ducts: uterine tubes, uterus, vagina.
Istologia
Syllabus
MODULE: HYSTOLOGY

Objectives
The Course of Histology aims to let students understand the following:
- organization of the cell and the function of its constituent organelles,
- organization of the four basic tissue types.

Topics
The cell

CELL STRUCTURE

Tissues

EPITHELIAL TISSUES
Covering epithelia, glandular epithelia

CONNECTIVE TISSUES
Connective tissue proper; specialised connective tissues (blood, bone, and cartilage).

MUSCLE TISSUES
Skeletal muscle tissue; cardiac muscle tissue; smooth muscle tissue.

NERVOUS TISSUE
Basic structure and function of a neuron; names and functions of the supporting cells.
Lesson period
First semester
Assessment methods
Esame
Assessment result
voto verbalizzato in trentesimi