- to develop the essential theoretical knowledge deriving from the basic biochemical sciences for the interpretation of biological phenomena, metabolic transformations, pharmacological and toxicological principles that regulate the interaction between organism and exogenous substances; - to develop the preparatory theoretical knowledge for understanding the biochemical and molecular mechanisms that govern the physio-pathological functions of the organism; - to develop the basic notions and methodology of biochemistry and applied biology useful for identifying, understanding and interpreting biomedical phenomena, environmental phenomena and ecological cycles.
The BIOLOGY module aims to provide students with the basic knowledge of fundamental characteristics of living organisms. In particular, it aims to provide students with the basic knowledge of fundamental biological structures - biological molecules, cells, tissues - and their functioning. At the end of the course, students will gain knowledge of the main inorganic and organic components of living organisms, nucleic acid and protein synthesis and related basic regulation, the main functions of nucleic acids and proteins, and transmission of information from DNA to proteins, both in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Students will also gain knowledge of the molecular organization and functions of subcellular organelles and membrane systems in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells as well as cell division processes of eukaryotic cells.
The BIOCHEMISTRY module aims to give the student information on the functional role of proteins and enzymes, the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and carbohydrates. Students will be able to explain the main mechanisms of metabolic regulation at the cellular and organ level. They will also gain the notions necessary for the interpretation of metabolic transformations and the theoretical knowledge preparatory for the understanding of the biochemical and molecular mechanisms that govern the physio-pathological functions of the body.