The course aims: (1) to provide the scientific basis of hydraulics, with particular attention to the properties of liquids, the statics of fluids and the laws governing the water movement in open channels and in pipelines, (2) to provide concepts and procedures concerning the quantification of plant irrigation requirements, the irrigation techniques and materials, and the irrigation scheduling, (3) to apply theoretical arguments to the verification and the hydraulic design of basic infrastructures and irrigation systems.
The student acquires the basic knowledge to address and solve hydrostatic, hydrodynamic and water flow problems in open channels and pipelines, as well as problems of irrigation planning and scheduling. Moreover the student acquires the ability to apply the theoretical concepts to the verification and the hydraulic design of basic infrastructures, as well as to the design and the management of irrigation systems.
The program, for the Hydraulics part, is concerned with the fundamentals of hydraulics, namely of hydrostatics, hydrodynamics for uniform water flow in pipes under pressure and open channels, as well as the discharge measurements in open channels. The theoretical knowledge is addressed to the applications in design and verification of simple hydraulic infrastructure, products and systems. The program, for the Irrigation part, includes the fundamentals of soil hydrology, soil water balance in crop land and irrigation scheduling. The course provides knowledges for estimating the irrigation requirements for crops, to plan irrigation on basin scale, and efficiently manage irrigation on field scale. The different irrigation methods and the modes of irrigation scheduling are illustrated. The main components of the irrigation systems are detailed and the basic knowledge for the hydraulic design of the pressurized irrigation systems are provided. The program includes exercises showing how to apply the theoretical knowledge.
Citrini e Noseda, Idraulica. Editrice Ambrosiana, MilanoCapra e Scicolone, Progettazione e gestione degli impianti di irrigazione, Edagricole