Equipment, plants and machinery for livestock production

A.Y. 2019/2020
Lesson for
8
Max ECTS
80
Overall hours
SSD
AGR/09 AGR/10
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course aims to: provide the skills related to the aspects of mechanization for livestock husbandry including systems at high automation level; study the operating principles of machines and plants; evaluate their performances and limitations of use, also from the safety point of view.
With regard to the structures for livestock breeding, the course aims to provide knowledge about the structures supporting the animal housing, with particular reference to milking parlors, storages for forage and livestock feed.

The course also aims to provide knowledge and design elements to deal with the problems of agricultural waste management from the point of view of structures and plant engineering, with particular reference to the management of livestock manure in protecting the environment and technologies and processes for its agronomic treatment and enhancement.
Ability to define and critically choose automatic milking and feeding systems. To perform performance and energetic analysis on machines and plants for the livestock farm. To acquire the capability to dimension and design milk storage and cooling systems. To define the most important criteria about safety for designing and using machines and plants for livestock husbandry.

Critical evaluation of the requirements of the structures of livestock farms supporting production and criteria for their sizing in relation to farm needs.

Design and functional criteria of structures and facilities for the management of agricultural wastes. Calculation and simulation tools to support the correct management and treatment of livestock effluents for environmental protection.

Course structure and Syllabus

Active edition
Yes
Responsible
Gestione dei reflui zootecnici
AGR/09 - AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY AND MECHANIZATION - University credits: 0
AGR/10 - RURAL BUILDINGS AND AGRO - FOREST LAND PLANNING - University credits: 0
Lessons: 32 hours
Meccanizzazione degli allevamenti zootecnici
AGR/09 - AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY AND MECHANIZATION - University credits: 0
AGR/10 - RURAL BUILDINGS AND AGRO - FOREST LAND PLANNING - University credits: 0
Computer room practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 8 hours
Professor: Calcante Aldo
Strutture per gli allevamenti zootecnici
AGR/09 - AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY AND MECHANIZATION - University credits: 0
AGR/10 - RURAL BUILDINGS AND AGRO - FOREST LAND PLANNING - University credits: 0
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 8 hours
ATTENDING STUDENTS
Meccanizzazione degli allevamenti zootecnici
Syllabus
The automatic milking systems (AMS). Characteristics, operation principles, dimensioning and adaptation of the barn layout according to a correct internal logistic.
The automatic feeding systems (AFS). Typologies, functional principles and criteria of operative choices.
Verification of performances related to milking machines and plants, using measuring instruments and standardised methods. The measure of vacuum, the pulsation cycle analysis, the methods for technical and energetic analysis of electric engines, principles of safety related to electric plants for barn.
Milk storage and cooling at farm level: description, operation principles and dimensioning according to the milk production and the requested temperature.
Strutture per gli allevamenti zootecnici
Syllabus
The ancillary structures for livestock farms: milking parlor, food and fodder storages.
Criteria for sizing milking structures in relation to the size of the herd.
Food storage design: vertical and horizontal silos.
The containers for the storage of manure. Types and sizing criteria.
Gestione dei reflui zootecnici
Syllabus
Waste characteristics and legal constraints. Characteristics and management solutions of agricultural wastes. Standard and legislation main points. Design of removal and storage systems of effluents in relation to environmental impact risk. Agronomic utilisation of agricultural wastes. Selection criteria of the management system of the effluents as a function of the relation of the agricultural settlement and the surrounding area. Agronomic use of animal manure. Compilation of the Manure Management Plan. Main waste treatment plants (chemical, physical, biological). Aerobic and anaerobic treatments. Structuress and plant for waste treatment: separators; decanters; aereation basins; digestors; filters. Energy production by using anaerobic plants. Desing of anaerobic and anaerobic with biomas recirculation plants. Waste management in relation to farm and environmental demands. Phyto-remediation plants. Transport and spreading of wastes. Selection criteria of different waste management systems in relation to plant design option.
NON-ATTENDING STUDENTS
Meccanizzazione degli allevamenti zootecnici
Syllabus
The automatic milking systems (AMS). Characteristics, operation principles, dimensioning and adaptation of the barn layout according to a correct internal logistic.
The automatic feeding systems (AFS). Typologies, functional principles and criteria of operative choices.
Verification of performances related to milking machines and plants, using measuring instruments and standardised methods. The measure of vacuum, the pulsation cycle analysis, the methods for technical and energetic analysis of electric engines, principles of safety related to electric plants for barn.
Milk storage and cooling at farm level: description, operation principles and dimensioning according to the milk production and the requested temperature.
Lesson period
First semester
Lesson period
First semester
Assessment methods
Esame
Assessment result
voto verbalizzato in trentesimi
Professor(s)
Reception:
By appointment only
Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences - Agricultural Engineering area
Reception:
on demand previuos contact by email
Dept. Agricultural and Environmental Sciences - Agricultural Engineering Building n. 10 - Farm Structures and Environment group