The course aims to provide students the instruments and techniques useful to: 1) recognize and quantitatively evaluate morphological features of the landscape as natural resource and part of the geoheritage (geosites, geomorphosites) for what concerns their census, evaluation, conservation; 2) recognize geomorphosites evolution in relation with natural processes action especially the climate related ones; 3) recognize impacts and hazard related to geosite fruition 4) read the geomorphological landscape and the related processes and to realize thematic maps.
Ability in reading landforms and the geomorphological landscape, recognizing landforms activity and processes responsible of their evolution, identifying sites of geomorphological interest, quantitatively assessing their attributes for valorization, promotion and conservation, ability in thematic map elaboration.
1)Introduction Geomorphological landscape as natural resource. Cultural geomorphology. Surface modelling processes; relations between climatic conditions and modelling processes. Morphogenetic and morphoclimatic environments. The current morphoclimatic zones. Biostasy e Resistasy. Morphodynamic equilibrium.
2) Geosites, geomorphosites and geological and geomorphological heritage Geosites and geomorphosites: history and evolution. Geomorphological heritage. Active, inactive and fossil landforms: active, passive and evolving passive geomorphosites. Geodiversity and use of indexes for quantification. Geosites census. Simple, complex and composite geomorphosites. Quantitative assessment of geosites. Aesthetic, economic and cultural values. Scientific value. Methods of investigation. Evolution, deterioration and impact on geomorphological assets. Geomorphosites fruition. Valorization and promotion of geomorphological assets. Geotouristic itineraries. Geoparks. Hazards and risks associated to geomorphosites fruition. Geomorphological processes, landforms and geomorphosites: landforms and geomorphosites modelled mainly by weathering processes (e.g. Karst landforms, tafoni, inselberg, tor, ecc.): study cases. Landforms and geomorphosites dominated by runoff and their evolution (e.g. calanchi, earth pyramids): study cases. Landforms and geomorphosites due to gravity processes. Fluvial processes, landforms and geomorphosites. Coastal processes landforms and geomorphosites. Landforms and lithological, structural and tectonic control. Volcanic landforms and geomorphosites valorization and evolution. Geosites and morphoclimatic landscapes: Glacial environment; glaciers, glacial erosional and depositional landforms and their evolution in relation with climate change: study cases. Periglacial environment: processes due to permafrost and ground ice. Periglacial landforms in the Alps and at the high latitudes. Periglacial geomorphosites: study cases. Processes, landforms and geomorphosites of humid, temperate-humid and mediterranean regions. Processes, landforms and geomorphosites of semiarid, arid, desert and tropical regions Applications: Geomorphological and thematic cartography and photointerpretation. Techniques for analysis of evolution of geomorphosites. Geomorpholgical assests: dissemination and education applications.