To give the basic information and scientific tools to identify and interpret landforms and to reconstruct the time and steps of surface processes triggering present-day landscapes. To teach how to identify and describe landforms in the field and onto topographic maps.
Students will acquire competency in the filed of Physical Geography and Geomorphology. They will learn how to identify and describe landforms and to interpret their formation processes forming linear and complex systems.
Introduction: definition of Geomorphology and its relationship with Physical Geography; geomorphological processes. Basic concepts: climate, erosion, transport, sedimentation, pedogenesis, biostasy, rhesistasy. Endogenous and exogenous processes. Endogenous processes: morphotectonic Structural landforms: tabular and monoclinal reliefs, bends and faults. Weathering of rock (and soils): mechanical, chemical, physical and biologic processes; factors and processes of pedogenesis. Slope processes: types of landslide; DSGSD Fluvial processes: fluvial landforms and deposits; fans, alluvial plains; hydrographic net. Glacial and periglacial (and paraglacial) landforms and deposits. Karst processes: surface and underground karst processes, forms, and deposits. Weathering of crystalline rocks. Volcanic landforms. Coastlines and coastal landforms. Wind-related landforms and deposits and the desert environments. Few considerations on Quaternary climate changes and their effects of landforms and deposits. Dating Quaternary landforms and deposits. Practical: basic concepts on cartography (shape of Earth, projections, scale); interpretation of landforms on IGM and CTR topographic maps.