Geophysical Fluid Dynamics and Laboratory

A.Y. 2014/2015
Overall hours
Learning objectives
Fornire agli studenti un approfondimento dei principi fisici della circolazione delle acque sotterranee e del trasporto di soluti al loro interno, della circolazione atmosferica e oceanica, della evoluzione delle calotte glaciali.
Course syllabus and organization

Unique edition

Lesson period
Second semester
Geophysical fluid dynamics

Physical properties of the compartments of fluid Earth. Physical properties and structure of the atmosphere, of surface and ground water and of ice; structure of seas, oceans and ice sheets.
Conservation equations. Continuity equation; equation of conservation of linear momentum; scale analysis, hydrostatic, geostrophic and shallow-ice approximations; Hubbert's and matric potential; balance equations for deformable and unsaturated porous media and for confined, phreatic and layered aquifers; coastal aquifers.
Energy balance. Energy transport: convection, conduction and radiation; energy balance at the ground; evapotranspiration, Bowen ratio and Penman's equations.
Motion of the fluid compartments of the Earth. Atmospheric and oceanic circulation; evolution of polar ice sheets; solutions of the balance equations for porous media - Thiem, Dupuit and Theis laws.
Solute transport. Equations of convective and diffusive transport; interpretation of dispersion with the theory of stochastic processes; reactions.
Mathematical modeling. Solution of the convective transport equation and of the diffusion equation in stationary and transient conditions with the finite difference method; development and application of mathematical models.
Lessons: 48 hours
to be arranged via e-mail or phone
via Cicognara 7
By phone or mail appointment
via Cicognara 7