This course offers a critical survey of Italian foreign policy, based on the analysis of its main characteristics and turning points since the end of World War II. Its first goal is to provide students with deeper insights into the recent historical debate, enabling them to focus on the decisions made by the different Italian governments at some key moments, understand their reasons and check their consistency with national interests and compatibility with the international context. Its second goal is to help students understand the main trajectories and guidelines which define Italy's participation in the international community and single out the continuity/discontinuity elements characterizing this country's decision-making and diplomatic processes. Its third goal is to make students familiar with the critical skills required to compare Italy's foreign policy with the policies of other states in order to assess its so-called congenital faults, namely: anachronism, overestimation of the country's international role, subservience to "the big ally", "presence syndrome" , primacy of domestic policies and interests, lack of clarity over ultimate foreign policy aims and inconsistency between means and goals.
Introduction to the study of Italian Foreign Policy: sources, main characters, problems. Different orientations of Italian foreign policy from the unification up to recent times. Different hitorical interpretations will be considered, during different key-moments of Italian international policy, trying to define continuity and discontinuity in the international action of the young Italian state towards the following elements: the perception of National interest; prejudices toward Italy as a "non-reliable partner"; the relations with allies in differents periods; Mediterranea and the Balkans as relevant areas of Italian interest; the European construction and the relations with the communist world; interdipendence in the Italian concept.
I strongly suggest attendance for this course. If not, the ourse program follows the main topics dealt with in the proposed textbooks.