Livestock Farming System

A.Y. 2017/2018
Lesson for
8
Max ECTS
76
Overall hours
SSD
AGR/18 AGR/19
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
Aim of the course is to provide the basic knowledge of animal nutrition and feeding and of cattle and swine rearing techniques, with particular reference to their environmental impacts.Clarifying the role of livestock systems in the context of agricultural systems. Define the types of farming for sustainable livestock farming. Link the traditional knowledge of livestock with the new requirements of rural development.
Tools and methods for a technical evaluation of the intensive dairy cattle and swine production.Knowledge on farming techniques in addition to the husbandry skills acquired Knowledge of the relationships between livestock activities and agro-ecological systems approach to spatial analysis aimed at achieving economic.

Course structure and Syllabus

Active edition
Yes
Responsible
Animal husbandry
AGR/19 - ANIMAL SCIENCE - University credits: 3
Field activity: 8 hours
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Colombini Stefania
Animal production
AGR/18 - ANIMAL NUTRITION AND FEEDING - University credits: 5
Field activity: 8 hours
Practicals: 8 hours
Lessons: 32 hours
Professor: Galassi Gianluca
Animal production
Syllabus
Evolution of Italian animal husbandry: from the maximum
productivity to the attention to animal welfare. The
changes in progress and future prospects.
Statistical data: the importance of animal husbandry at
global, European, Italian and regional level.
Basic knowledge on the anatomy and physiology of the
digestive tract in ruminants and monogastrics. Review on
the chemical composition of feeds: carbohydrates, lipids,
proteins. Notes on the main chemical analyses for the
determination of dry matter, ash, protein, ether extract,
fibrous fractions and starch. Digestibility and factors
affecting it. Notes on energy and protein metabolism in
ruminants and monogastrics. The concept of the "ideal
protein" and of the ileal digestible aminoacids for the pig.
Evaluation of some feeding strategies to reduce the
excretion of the main environmental polluters. The
importance of the best ratio administration/requirements;
the "multiphase feeding".
Main nutritive requirements of dairy cattle and pigs.
Evaluation of the chemical-nutitive characteristics of the
main animal feeds and production techniques related.
Swine production: swine breeds; sow reproduction,
management and feeding; rearing and finishing
techniques of the light and of the heavy pig; notes on the
organic swine farming system. Intensive dairy cattle
production: dairy cattle breeds; reproduction, managing
and feeding; milk production. Notes on the slaughter and
on the carcass and meat quality.
Teaching methods
Il materiale utilizzato per le lezioni del corso è reso
disponibile agli studenti durante il corso. Si indicano,
inoltre, i seguenti testi:: "Appunti di Suinicoltura" di Pier
Giorgio Monetti - Cristiano Giraldi Editore; "La Vacca Da
Latte" di Giuseppe Succi e Inge Hoffmann- CittàStudi;
"Zootecnia Speciale" di Giuseppe Succi -
CittàStudiEdizioni; "Nutrizione degli animali in produzione
zootecnica" di Mauro Antongiovanni - Edagricole. Appunti
delle lezioni.
Corso on-line. http://ariel.unimi.it/User/Default.aspx
Animal husbandry
Syllabus
The course aims to give to the students knowledge on
farming, feeding and reproduction techniques of farm
animals mainly in extensive systems with particular
focus on the environmental impact of the farm and the
enhancement of animal resources and products.
Alpine husbandry systems: breeds of cattle and goats,
pasture management, nutritional value of the pasture,
supplementation on pasture, typical products, farming in
the valley. Environmental impact of dairy cattle farm in an
alpine husbandry system in comparison with an intensive
system in the plain. Production efficiency of the two
systems.
Techniques of breeding and feeding of beef cattle:
breeds; breeding sysytems. Environmental impact of beef
cattle farm in different systems.
Sustainable Livestock: Pointers and sustainability indices
in farming systems. Introduction to LCA and animal
footprints.
Teaching methods
Materiale distribuito durante al corso.
Sito webariel
Lesson period
First semester
Lesson period
First semester
Assessment methods
Esame
Assessment result
voto verbalizzato in trentesimi