Medical Pathophysiology

A.Y. 2019/2020
6
Max ECTS
60
Overall hours
SSD
MED/06 MED/09 MED/13 MED/14 MED/15
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
At the end of the course the student must be able to understand the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in the main pathologies of organs and systems, with particular regard to those aspects that constitute the biological foundation and the object of the laboratory diagnostic approach.
Expected learning outcomes
The course will provide students with principles of the clinical approach to diagnosis and treatment of neoplasms and their complications, so that they can understand and use the 'vocabulary' of clinical oncology and clinical studies on cancer in their interactions with other professionals and/or in the advancement of their studies.
Knowledge of the main pathophysiological bases of cardiovascular, respiratory and gastroenterological diseases and their application to clinical practice focusing on the laboratory diagnostic aspects.
To know the clinical presentation and the pathophysiology of the main endocrine diseases
To know the most important hormonal tests, the main dynamic testing and imaging techniques
The student will be able to know which are the main laboratory changes associated with renal diseases, and the most relevant electrolyte and acid-base derangements.
The course will provide the student with the basics to understand the molecular and biological mechanisms of blood diseases and their classification systems, in order to acquire the information for carrying out laboratory diagnostic tests useful for characterizing these forms.
Course syllabus and organization

Unique edition

Responsible
Prerequisites for admission
The student must have previously acquired the general concepts of eukaryotic cell biology and those of biochemistry and molecular biology and basic knowledge concerning human anatomy and physiology, as well as those related to immunology and general pathology.
Assessement methods and criteria
The exam will be written and will concern the topics listed in the program. In particular, each student will be given a test with 10 multiple choice questions and 2 questions chosen from the topics of the five modules of the course for which the student must make a written paper. Where required, in case of special needs, pre-appeals are also provided. With the help of slides and laboratory tests, each student will be provided with all the tools necessary for passing the exams.
Oncologia medica
Course syllabus
Neoplastic disease
∙ Cancer treatment
∙ Clinical oncological methodology
∙ Complications of cancer disease
∙ Complications of cancer treatment
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons supported by visual means. Exercises at the diagnostic and research laboratories of the different course modules. These methods will put the student in the best condition to learn the mechanisms of human diseases and the main and current diagnostic techniques.
Bibliography
Il materiale di studio verrà fornito dai docenti a lezione e sarà costituito da slides e lavori delle letteratura sugli argomenti testati
Inoltre saranno adottati i seguenti testi di riferimento
Medicina interna
Course syllabus
Cardiology
∙ Electrophysiology, ECG and electromechanical events of the cardiac cycle
∙ Arrhythmias, long QT syndrome
∙ Atherosclerosis
∙ Ischemic myocardial disease
∙ Hypertension
∙ Heart failure
Pneumology
∙ Pathophysiology of respiration
∙ Airway infections, pneumonia
∙ Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Gastroenterology
∙ Celiac disease, malabsorption
∙ Chronic inflammatory bowel disease
∙ Acute and chronic hepatitis
∙ Jaundice
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons supported by visual means. Exercises at the diagnostic and research laboratories of the different course modules. These methods will put the student in the best condition to learn the mechanisms of human diseases and the main and current diagnostic techniques.
Bibliography
Le basi patologiche della malattia-Robbins
- Principi di medicina interna-Harrison -
Endocrinologia
Course syllabus
Diabetes
∙ Pituitary pathologies
∙ Thyroid diseases
∙ Adrenal pathologies
∙ Pathologies of the gonads
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons supported by visual means. Exercises at the diagnostic and research laboratories of the different course modules. These methods will put the student in the best condition to learn the mechanisms of human diseases and the main and current diagnostic techniques.
Bibliography
Core curriculum, Endocrinologia e Metabolismo
di FAGLIA G.
Editore: McGraw-Hill
Nefrologia
Course syllabus
. Pathophysiology of glomerular function
∙ Pathophysiology of tubular function
∙ Regulation of the sodium and water balance and its alterations
∙ Pathophysiology of endocrine function of the kidney
∙ Acid-base balance and its alterations
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons supported by visual means. Exercises at the diagnostic and research laboratories of the different course modules. These methods will put the student in the best condition to learn the mechanisms of human diseases and the main and current diagnostic techniques.
Bibliography
Nefrologia
di Garibotto G e Pontremoli R
Edizioni Minerva Medica
Malattie del sangue
Course syllabus
General concepts of hematopoiesis
∙ Anemias
∙ Acute myeloid and lymphoid leukemias
∙ Myeloproliferative and myelodysplastic syndromes
∙ Lymphomas and lymphoproliferative syndromes
∙ Pathologies of hemostasis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons supported by visual means. Exercises at the diagnostic and research laboratories of the different course modules. These methods will put the student in the best condition to learn the mechanisms of human diseases and the main and current diagnostic techniques.
Bibliography
Il materiale di studio verrà fornito dai docenti a lezione e sarà costituito da slides e lavori delle letteratura sugli argomenti testati
Inoltre saranno adottati i seguenti testi di riferimento
Endocrinologia
MED/13 - ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Malattie del sangue
MED/15 - BLOOD DISEASES - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor: Neri Antonino
Medicina interna
MED/09 - INTERNAL MEDICINE - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Nefrologia
MED/14 - NEPHROLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor: Messa Piergiorgio
Oncologia medica
MED/06 - MEDICAL ONCOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours