Paleontology and stratigraphic geology

A.Y. 2019/2020
Lesson for
6
Max ECTS
48
Overall hours
SSD
GEO/01 GEO/02
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
Recognize and understand the processes leading to the formation of the sedimentary rocks. Leran the principles of stratigraphy. Understand the processes leading to the production of the fossil record. Encourage learning about the main groups of invertebrates commonly used in paleontology, also considering dissemination asa possible goal.
Capacity to recognize the main groups of sedimentary rocks and to apply the principles of stratigraphy. Capacity to recognize the transition of organic remains from the biosphere to the lithosphere. Acquisition of expertise about the main groups of animals whose fossil record contributes to the knowledge about biological evolution. Ability to disseminate the acquired knowledge on sedimentary processes and fossilization.

Course structure and Syllabus

Active edition
Yes
Responsible
Paleontology
GEO/01 - PALEONTOLOGY AND PALEOECOLOGY - University credits: 0
GEO/02 - STRATIGRAPHY AND SEDIMENTOLOGY - University credits: 0
Lessons: 24 hours
Professor: Angiolini Lucia
Stratigraphic Geology
GEO/01 - PALEONTOLOGY AND PALEOECOLOGY - University credits: 0
GEO/02 - STRATIGRAPHY AND SEDIMENTOLOGY - University credits: 0
Lessons: 24 hours
Professor: Marini Mattia
Paleontology
Syllabus
Taphonomy: from the biosphere to the lithosphere.
Biostratinomy: from cause of death identification to the burial of a body. Decomposition, permineralization, carbonization, mummification of the soft parts; bioerosion, dissolution, dislocation, transport of the hard parts.
Spatial relationships fossil / rock as indicators of autochthony / allocthony and of the depositional and burial environment. Fossilization s.s. (diagenesis): description of the physical and chemical processes that may change the composition and structure of the organic remains; dissolution, impregnation, recrystallization, replacement, fouling, bioimmuration.
The Trace fossils: systematics and significance of the main traces of biological activity
The species in Palaeontology: definition and problems.
Fossil Invertebrates.
Description and classification of major features of the main invertebrate fossil groups: cnidarians, brachiopods, bivalves, cephalopods, echinoderms, and trilobites. Their significance in the Earth Sciences context.
Stratigraphic Geology
Syllabus
Rocks and petrogenetic processes
Classification and properties of sedimentary rocks
Processes of formation of sedimentary rocks
Terrigenous rocks
Carbonate rocks
Dolostones
Evaporites
Other types of sedimentary rocks
Stratification and sedimentary structures
Principles of stratigraphy
Stratigraphic units
Stratigraphic relationships
Lesson period
Second semester
Lesson period
Second semester
Assessment methods
Esame
Assessment result
voto verbalizzato in trentesimi