The program aims to analyze a few typical cellular and molecular mechanisms at the basis of various physiological functions, for example such as those that control respiration, cardiac and skeletal muscle functions and gastrointestinal processing and absorption of food.
Expected learning outcomes
Lesson period: First semester
(In case of multiple editions, please check the period, as it may vary)
The respiratory system: basic concepts; role and mechanism of action of the surfactant, role of 'Hypoxia Inducible Factor; adaptive responses to extreme conditions; nervous and humoral regulation of breathing; the Hering Breuer reflex. Control of blood pH: general concepts, role of chemical buffers, respiration and kidney. Physiology of the skeletal muscle: excitation-contraction coupling Exercise physiology, modulators of muscle mass, muscle fatigue. Cellular and molecular adaptations to aerobic and resistance training; cellular and molecular alterations caused by doping. Training-induced cardiac remodelling; molecular mechanism underlying congenital cardiac diseases such as channelopathies; development of biological pacemakers Food processing, digestion and absorption. Seminars
Reference Material Teaching material will be distributed in the class as necessary and will include relevant published articles and/or chapters from the following textbook: Cell physiology sourcebook. A molecular approach. Aut: Sperelakis. Ed. Academic Press
Prerequisites and examination procedures Knowledge of basic principles of physiology The exam consists in A written test on various arguments covered during classes and eventually of an oral test when the result of the written test is not sufficient to determine the level of knowledge reached by the student.
Recommended Prerequisites General physiology
Teaching Methods PowerPoint-assisted lectures; seminars It is strongly recommended that the students attend lectures.