Complements of Paleontology

A.Y. 2015/2016
6
Max ECTS
48
Overall hours
SSD
GEO/01
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
Il corso si indirizza a studenti provenienti da laurea triennale di Scienze Naturali e di Scienze Geologiche, ed ha lo scopo di:
1) riprendere concetti paleontologici di base accennati nei rispettivi corsi di base di I e II anno alla luce delle conoscenze acquisite nel II e III anno del triennio, e
2) approfondire alcuni aspetti pratici ed applicativi della Paleontologia.
Il secondo obbiettivo del corso è di particolare interesse per studenti interessati a svolgere una tesi in campo paleontologico o di geologia del sedimentario.
Expected learning outcomes
Undefined
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
Second semester
Course syllabus
COMPLEMENTS OF PALAENTOLOGY
The classification of fossils.
Overview of the basic concepts of Systematic, Taxonomy, Classification and Nomenclature. Meaning of species in Palaeontology and problems for its definition. Stratophenetics. Statistical methods: pros and cons. Biometrical analyses: characters and variation. Most important statistical methods, with analysis of case studies from literature.
Evolutionary taxonomy: principles, taxonomical hierarchy, and advantages and disadvantages of the methods. Numerical Taxonomy: birth, development and crisis; influence on the development of modern Palaeontology. Cladistics: principles and methods. Parataxonomy with examples: Paleoichnology and Conodonts.
Nomenclature: the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature and the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. Basic principles: Principle of Priority and Principle of the first reviser, Principles of the name-bearing taxon, Principle of coordination, Principle of Omonomy, P. of binomial nomenclature. Some examples of common problems. Synonymy and examples of synonymical lists.
Application of Palaeontology.
Application of Taphonomy, taphofacies and study of reworking (with examples). Application of Palaeoichnology, palaeoichnofacies and biofabric: detection and evaluation of hiatuses (with examples).
Biostratigraphic correlations. Basic concepts and interpratation of time vs environmental control.
GEO/01 - PALEONTOLOGY AND PALEOECOLOGY - University credits: 6
Lessons: 48 hours
Professor: Balini Marco
Professor(s)