BEHAVIOR OF THE COMPUTER · Reference architecture. Von Neumann machine. Functional structure of the main parts of the machine. · Machine language. The Assembly language. Exercises.
COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE · Functional principles of digital computing systems. Digital coding of information. Switching logic, logic gates, bistables. Combinational and sequential circuits. · Main parts of the microcomputer architecture. Memory circuits. Memory technologies (ROM, SRAM, DRAM). · I/O (Input/Output) peripherals architecture. Types and characteristics of I/O devices. The bus: structure and interconnection schemes. Software handling of I/O. · The CPU: Data Path design. Circuits performing Arithmetic operations. ALU model design. · The CPU: Control Path design. Control Unit design. Wired and microprogrammed control units. · Main architectural advances. Cache memories. Virtual memory. Pipelining