Epidemiology, pathogenesis and diagnosis of tumors

A.Y. 2015/2016
6
Max ECTS
48
Overall hours
SSD
MED/01 MED/03 MED/04 MED/15
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The training course aims to transfer to the students the basic knowledge of tumors pathogenesis and diagnosis, with particular reference to the development of the epidemiology, pathology and medical genetics notions and their applications to the diagnosis and therapy of tumors.
In particular:
- Comprehension of the frequency and distribution of tumors and the environment influence on tumor
growth
- Concepts of cancer stem cells, their biology, functional pathways, involved genes and their instability
- Concepts of acquired immunity and immunological anti-cancer therapies
- Concepts of hematological malignancies, their biology, and the molecular diagnostics applied to their
assessment
Expected learning outcomes
Undefined
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
Third trimester
Statistica medica
Course syllabus
Descriptive epidemiology - Trends in cancer mortality;
Main causes of cancer;
Lung cancer;
Colorectal cancer;
Gene-environment interaction.
Patologia generale
Course syllabus
Stem cells as a target of the carcinogenesis process;
Tumor stem cell biology;
Cancer stem cell deregulated pathways: Notch, Wnt, Shh;
Genomic instability: mutational phenotype, microsatellite instability, chromosomal instability.

Role of the microenvironment in the clinical evolution of cancer;
Vaccines against tumor-associated antigens and monoclonal antibody specific target-therapies;
Tumor-associated antigens recognized by T cells: cancer therapy relevance;
Role of "co-signaling" molecules in response to immunological therapies against cancer;
New strategies for cancer immune therapy;
Immunity genes expression in cancer cells;
Regulatory T cells: phenotype, function, cancer relevance and therapeutic targeting;
Genetica medica
Course syllabus
Cancer as the genome disease: cancer genes analysis;
Genomic instability: cooperation between point mutations and aneuploidy;
Genomic technologies and tumors' molecular taxonomy;
Genetic testing in hereditary-family tumors and cancer predisposition syndromes;
Malattie del sangue
Course syllabus
Pathological classification and molecular diagnosis of leukemia and lymphomas;
Molecular diagnostics and new myeloproliferative syndromes' classifications;
Concepts of minimal Residual Disease and laboratory methods for its evaluation.

Standard cytogenetics, FISH and SKY analysis in oncology;
Gene profiling applications in Onco-hematology
Tissue microarrays applications
Genetica medica
MED/03 - MEDICAL GENETICS - University credits: 1
Lessons: 8 hours
Professor: Beghini Alessandro
Malattie del sangue
MED/15 - BLOOD DISEASES - University credits: 2
Lessons: 16 hours
Patologia generale
MED/04 - EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 16 hours
Statistica medica
MED/01 - MEDICAL STATISTICS - University credits: 1
Lessons: 8 hours