The goal of the course is to study the geological evolution of the Earth from its formation to the present day and define the chemical and physical conditions that have enabled the development of multicellular (complex) life on Earth.
Expected learning outcomes
Knowledge of principles of advanced geology. Ability to analyze natural geological systems in their complexity and interconnection.
The course focuses on the description of the evolution of the chemical and physical parameters that have led to the development of complex life on our planet; in particular, these topics are examined 1 ) the carbon cycle, CO2, and the mechanisms that allow water to remain in liquid state on the surface of Earth; 2 ) the mechanisms that allowed the buildup of oxygen gas in the atmosphere ; 3 ) the structure of the magnetic field and its shielding effect; 4 ) The role of catastrophism in biological evolution, with particular reference to the mass extinction at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary.