Lectures aim at discussing the main themes in the methodology and philosophy of the natural sciences through examples from the history of physics, mathematics, and life sciences, including the theory of evolution and medicine. In particular, we will focus on the patterns subtending the conceptual change within the scientific development and its history; moreover, we will consider some theories of the conceptual change in the sciences which have emerged in the philosophy and historiography of science during the 20th century with reference to specific case studies.
Part 1. Basic elements of general philosophy of science and history of science · J. Loose, A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science, 4th ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford 2001.
Part 2. The conceptual change and the history of syphilis · L. Fleck, Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact, University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1979. · Additional material will be discussed during the lectures. They will be available at the "Ufficio Fotocopie".
Teaching Methods: Frontal lectures, occasionally with Powerpoint.
FIS/08 - PHYSICS TEACHING AND HISTORY OF PHYSICS - University credits: 0
M-FIL/02 - LOGIC AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE - University credits: 0
M-STO/05 - HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY - University credits: 0