Human Anatomy and Physiology

A.Y. 2016/2017
11
Max ECTS
88
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/09 BIO/16
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course aims to give the main concepts on the morphology and functions of the human body and on the homeostatic responses to external and internal environment changes.
The part of anatomy includes the description of tissues and organs and the study of the anatomical characteristics of the main apparatuses and systems of the human body.
The part of physiology includes the description of molecular mechanisms involved in cell physiology and the analysis of the integrated functions of organs and apparatuses
Expected learning outcomes
Undefined
Course syllabus and organization

Linea A-K

Responsible
Lesson period
year
Human Anatomy
BIO/09 - PHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 0
BIO/16 - HUMAN ANATOMY - University credits: 0
Lessons: 40 hours
Professor: Rumio Cristiano
Physiology
BIO/09 - PHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 0
BIO/16 - HUMAN ANATOMY - University credits: 0
Lessons: 48 hours
Professor: Magnaghi Valerio

Linea L-Z

Lesson period
year
ATTENDING STUDENTS
Physiology
Course syllabus
1- General principles of physiology: human body composition, intra- and extra-cellular volumes, forces producing movements across membranes (electrical, chemical and osmotic gradients), Gibbs-Donnan equilibrium, resting membrane potentials; functional compartments of the human body, coordination and integration of physiological functions, the concept of homeostasis, type of controls of the physiological functions (negative and positive feed-back, feed-forward).
2- Excitable cells: Neurons: membrane and action potentials, spatial and temporal summation in nervous transmission, axonal electrical conduction, synapse activity, excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic potentials. Muscle cells: initiation and propagation of action potential in skeletal, smooth, cardiac and pacemaker cells, neuromuscular junction, intrinsic and extrinsic control of skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscle contraction,
3- Intercellular communications: sense receptors, afferent and efferent nervous pathways, spinal reflexes, general functions of the endocrine system
4- Central nervous system: functional organization of CNS, hypothalamic control of visceral functions and of body temperature, sleep/weakness rhythms, sensory and motor cortex, control of posture and movement, instinctual behaviors and emotions, conditioned reflexes, higher brain functions (learning and memory, control of language
5- Cardiovascular system: electrical and mechanical activity of the heart, cardiac cycle and volume/pressure relationship during the cardiac cycle, the electrocardiogram, cardiac output and blood flow, the law of Frank and Starling, dynamics of blood flow: artery, capillary and venous circulation, control of blood flow and arterial pressure.
6- The blood: physiological functions of the blood components, role of red blood cells and hemoglobin in oxygen and carbon dioxide uptake and transport, association and dissociation curves of oxygen-hemoglobin and carbon dioxide-hemoglobin, platelets and blood hemostasis.
7- The respiratory system: mechanic of respiration and lung volumes, gas properties, gas exchanges in the alveoli, local and central control of breathing (role of pH, of oxygen and of carbon dioxide)
8- The renal system: glomerular filtration (plasma proteins and glomerular filtration pressure), clearance and glomerular filtration rate measurements, tubular reabsorption and secretion, the loop of Henle and the countercurrent mechanism, water and electrolyte regulated excretion (role of ADH and of aldosterone)
9- Integrated regulation of extracellular fluid composition, blood volume and arterial pressure, the buffering systems, role of lungs and kidneys in the regulation of H+ concentration
10- Gastrointestinal system: nervous and endocrine regulation of digestion and of gastrointestinal motility, digestion of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids, absorption of nutrients, water, electrolytes, vitamins and minerals, liver functions, the endocrine control of the energy balance.
11- Reproductive System: basis of the differentiation and function of the male and female reproductive system from gestation to aging
NON-ATTENDING STUDENTS
Physiology
Course syllabus
The same as for students attending the course
Human Anatomy
BIO/09 - PHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 0
BIO/16 - HUMAN ANATOMY - University credits: 0
Lessons: 40 hours
Professor: Borsello Tiziana
Physiology
BIO/09 - PHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 0
BIO/16 - HUMAN ANATOMY - University credits: 0
Lessons: 48 hours
Professor(s)
Reception:
Monday to Friday, by appointment
Via Balzaretti 9, floor 4
Reception:
by appointment