The objective of the course is for students to acquire basic concepts of organic chemistry through appreciation of functional groups and some organic transformations of interest to natural sciences. Emphasis on the importance of organic compounds in health, environment, society and art will be highlighted.
Expected learning outcomes
Students will acquire basic concepts of electronic structure and be able to apply them to solve problems from various areas of organic chemistry, including stereochemistry, reactivity patterns and synthesis. They will also learn essential knowledge on pigments and organic dyes and colours, and on their use in the artistic field.
Lesson period: Second semester
(In case of multiple editions, please check the period, as it may vary)
- Organic molecules structure and properties - Polarity - Alkanes - Alkyl halides: nucleophilic substitution reactions. Carbocations reactivity. - Alkenes: addition reactions - Alkynes - Alcohols and ethers - Aldehydes and ketones - Carboxylic acids and their derivatives - Aromatic compounds - Amines - Carbohydrates - Amino acids and proteins - Nucleic acids - Hints at natural organic molecule and their activity. - Application of basic concepts to understanding of biochemistry pathways
Unità didattica B
First Part: Supplementary materials on aromatic chemistry - Aromaticity and anti-aromaticity - Aromatic compounds reactivity - Aromatic electrophilic substitutions: mono- and polysubstituted benzenes, polynuclear aromatic compounds. Mechanism and rules Second part: A heteroaromatic chemistry outline - Main heteroaromatic groups nomenclature - Aromaticity, basicity and acidity of heteroaromatics - Reactivity (electrophilic and nucleophilic substitution) - Application examples of heteroaromatics in chemistry, biology, medicine, etc. Third part: colours - Colour theory elements - Pigments: chemistry and examples of use in famous paintings - Organic chromophores - Main classes of organic dyes and substrates. Affinity for the materials - "Ancient" natural (vegetal and animal) organic dyes and examples of use in famous paintings