Organic chemistry lab

A.Y. 2016/2017
10
Max ECTS
160
Overall hours
SSD
CHIM/06
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The aim of the present course is to introduce the student to the main experimental procedures in Organic Chemistry (extraction, crystallization, chromatographys techniques, distillation), allowing him to perform synthetic sequences, isolating and purifying the products. The student will be trainied to operate appropriately and independently in a laboratory of organic chemistry. In order to pursue this goal, the experimental work will be developed individually by any student.
Expected learning outcomes
Undefined
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
year
Unit: Laboratory of organic chemistry 1
Course syllabus
Objective of the course
The aim of the present course is to introduce the student to the main experimental procedures in Organic Chemistry (extraction, crystallization, chromatographys techniques, distillation), allowing him to perform synthetic sequences, isolating and purifying the products. The student will be trainied to operate appropriately and independently in a laboratory of organic chemistry. In order to pursue this goal, the experimental work will be developed individually by any student.
Prerequisites and examination methods
Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry and basic General Chemistry laboratory techniques
Examination methods: practical and oral
The examination will consist in the communication of the score (maximum 30/30), which represent the average of the evaluations of the two session of practical experiences. The student will then have the possibility to sustain an oral examination in order to improve the score. The oral examination will be focused on all the arguments treated during the course. The oral examination not necessarily implies an improvement of the rating.
Teaching language
Italian
Mode of examination
Discussion of the activities carried out during the frequency in the laboratory and the proposed final evaluation .
Other informations
Kind of attendance:: Obligatory
Type of course: Traditional
Reference material for students
- M.D. Ischia: La Chimica Organica in Laboratorio, Piccin, Padova, 2002;
- B.S. Furniss, A.J. Hannaford, P.W.G. Smith, A.R. Tatchell: Vogel's Textbook of Practical Organic Chemistry, Longman Group, UK Limited,
1989;
- D.L. Pavia, G.M. Lampman, G.S. Kriz: Il Laboratorio di Chimica Organica, Edizioni Sorbona, MI, 1994.

Teaching unit: Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, 1
Programme

Classroom exercises (pre-laboratory) 16h
1- Safety and accident prevention in the chemical laboratory.
2- Main techniques of isolation and purification of organic compounds (extraction, crystallisation, simple distillation, fractional distillation, chromatography),
3- Introduction to IR spectroscopy.
4- Experimental aspects of some fundamental organic reactions and evaluation of the purity grade of the obtained products through TLC and mp.

Laboratory Chemical Manipulations 64 hrs
Practical execution of separation and purification procedures of organic compounds (extracions, cryistallization, chromatography, distillation) and of simple organic reactions referring to the reactivity of functional groups. In particular, oxidations of alcohols, reduction of carbonyls, esterifications and aldol condensations will be performed. The students will learn also to prepare samples for IR spectroscopy and to register IR. At the end of the laboratory, students will have to demonstrate at least a basic familiarity with the practical operations of experimental organic chemistry, and capability to correctly evaluate the purity of isolated products.
All of the experiences are "single bench".

Requested backgound
To have attended the Organic Chemistry I course.

Web sites
http://ariel.unimi.it/User/Default.aspx
Unit: Laboratory of organic chemistry 2
Course syllabus
Programme

Classroom exercises (pre-laboratory) 16h
1- Brief review of the key concepts of IR and UV spectroscopy and their utilization for the determination of the structure of compounds prepared in laboratory.
2- Analytical and preparative chromatography from an applicative point of view.
3- Evaluation of reaction parameters, such as: right choice of the solvent, temperature, order of the addition of reagents .etc.
4- Functionalization reactions of aromatic compounds referring to the multistep synthetic syntheses to be performed.

Laboratory Chemical Manipulations 64 hrs
Practical execution of simple multistep synthesis sequences referring to the chemistry of aromatic compounds. All of the experiences are "single bench".
In particular, aromatic electrophilic and nucleophilic reactions, diazotation, Sandmeyer, Michael 1,4-addition are carried out.
In addition several small molecules are synthesized:
· 1-phenyl-3-phenylaminopyrrolidin-2,5-dione
· Autan bioactive principle
· 2,4-dinitrophenyl-2'-naphtyl ether
· para-nitroacetanilide, and its conversion into para-nitro aniline
· p-iodonitrobenzene

The main organic functional groups will be identified by both spectroscopic methods and the study of their reactivity through the preparation of selected derivatives.
Mixture of unknown compounds, different for each student, will be separated, and the components purified and characterized.
Products belong to the classes of: primary, secondary and tertiary amines; aldehydes, ketones , carboxylic acids, ethers, halo and nitro derivatives, hydrocarbons.
In particular one mixture is separated by column chromatography and another one through the acid-base separation.


Requested background
To have attended the Organic Chemistry I and II courses besides the first module of the Organic Chemistry Laboratory.
Unit: Laboratory of organic chemistry 1
CHIM/06 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY - University credits: 5
: 0 hours
Practicals: 16 hours
Laboratories: 64 hours
Shifts:
Professor: Passarella Daniele
Corso A
Professor: Passarella Daniele
Corso B
Professors: Polito Laura, Raimondi Laura Maria
Unit: Laboratory of organic chemistry 2
CHIM/06 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY - University credits: 5
: 0 hours
Practicals: 16 hours
Laboratories: 64 hours
Professors: Annunziata Rita Maria, Arosio Daniela, Cavazzini Marco, Lesma Giordano, Penso Michele, Rizzo Simona
Shifts:
Professor: Lesma Giordano
Corso A
Professors: Arosio Daniela, Lesma Giordano
Corso B
Professors: Annunziata Rita Maria, Cavazzini Marco, Lesma Giordano, Penso Michele, Rizzo Simona
Professor(s)
Reception:
please contact by e-mail or phone
Dipartimento di Chimica - via Golgi 19 - Milano - building C, 2nd floor, room 2011 or via Teams