The Earth. Base of cartography, form and movements. Map projections. Atmosphere and climate. The Earth's atmosphere: subdivisions and composition. Elements of climate: temperature, pressure and humidity. Climate classification. Climate variations. Hydrosphere: water distribution on the Earth, oceans and sea, landforms made by waves and currents, runoff and ground water, lakes; the cryosphere. Lithosphere: continent and ocean distribution. The great landforms of Earth's crust. Natural landscapes. Landscape classification. Environment and man.