This course introduces the student to the modern and ancient shallow water carbonate-evaporitic environments and to the recognition of their main characteristic lithofacies association of the sub environments.
1) Principles of carbonate production, ecology, mineralogy, chemistry and geometry of carbonate accumulation and carbonate factories.
2) The modern carbonate-evaporitic environments: Caribbean, Arabian platforms-ramps, atolls.
3) Carbonate and evaporitic facies analysis: the inner platform, the sabkha-salina and basinal evaporites, high energy carbonates of beach, tidal delta and shoals, the shelf, reef, fore reef, escarpment and slope carbonate lithofacies association. Pelagic carbonate platforms. Non marine carbonates and meteoric diagenesis.
4) Case histories of facies analysis of ancient carbonate platforms.
Siliciclastic sedimentary facies of the paralic, shelf, slope and deep-marine environments: 1) paralic Siliciclastic sedimentary facies of the paralic, shelf, slope and deep-marine environments: 1) paralic environments and depositional systems (fan deltas, deltas, strand plains, beaches, chenier plains, tidal plains, barrier island-lagoon systems, estuaries), 2) shelf environments and depositional systems (wave-dominated, tide-dominated, ocean currents dominated, muddy), 3) slope depositional systems (slope deltas, aprons, slope turbidite systems), deep-marine depositional systems (deep-water fans, channel-lobe systems, basin plains), 4) transgressive-regressive cycles, sequential arrangement of depositional systems.
- field excursions addressed to the observation and description of the studied depositional environments
- stratigraphic log analysis, petrographic analysis of thin sections of carbonate and siliciclastic microfacies.