Biology

A.Y. 2017/2018
12
Max ECTS
104
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/03 BIO/05
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course aims at improving the knowledge on plant
organisms, from prokaryotic cyanobacteria to
angiosperms, with emphasis on spermatophyte families
and species of agronomic, food and medicinal relevance.
Furthermore, the course deals with basic zoology,
focusing on the body plain (bauplan) of the more relevant
Phyla.The course aims at improving the knowledge on plant organisms, from prokaryotic cyanobacteria to angiosperms, with emphasis on spermatophyte families and species of agronomic, food and medicinal relevance. Furthermore, the course deals with basic zoology, focusing on the body plain (bauplan) of the more relevant Phyla.
Expected learning outcomes
Basic knowledge on plant and animal biology needed for
the next studies in the field of agricultural sciences.Basic knowledge on plant and animal biology needed for the next studies in the field of agricultural sciences.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
Agricultural Botany
Course syllabus
Programme of Didactic Unit 1: Agricultural Botany

Biomacromolecules: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and
nucleic acids. Structure and functions of
biomacromolecules.
Cytology. Prokaryotic end eukaryotic cells. Animal and
plant cells. plant cell structures: cell wall, vacuole and
plastids. DNA replication and gene transcription. mRNA
translation and protein biosynthesis. Cell cycle, mitosis
and meiosis.
Plant biochemistry. Photosynthesis and respiration.
Plant histology and anatomy. Plant tissues. Meristematic
tissues. Dermal tissue system: epidermis and periderm.
Ground tissue system: parenchyma tissue, collenchyma
tissue and sclerenchyma tissue. Vascular tissue system:
xylem tissue and phloem tissue.
The plant body. Primary growth. Structure and
organization of stem. Structure and organization of root.
Structure and organization of leaf. Secondary growth.
Structure of woody stems.
Flower anatomy and reproduction. Seed morphology and
germination.
Systematic botany. General characteristics and main taxa
of Cyanobacteria. General characteristics and main taxa
of Algae. General characteristics and main taxa of
Bryophyta. General characteristics and main taxa of
Pteridophyta. Spermatophytes. General characteristics
and main taxa of Gymnosperms. General characteristics
and main families of flowering plants. Angiosperms.
Monocotyledons and Dicotyledons. General characteristics
and main taxa of Fungi.
Teaching methods
Biologia; autori: Solomon, Berg, Martin; Casa Editrice:
Edises.

Botanica Generale e Diversità Vegetale; autori: Pasqua,
Abbate, Forni; Casa Editrice: Piccin.
Animal Biology
Course syllabus
Unit 2: Animal Biology

Animal Cells
The nucleus and the nucleolus. Chromatin organization.
Genetic information and its expression: replication, transcript, translation, genetic code
Cytoplasm: the relationship between the structure and function of the Cytoskeleton, Endoplasmatic Reticulum, Golgi Apparatus.
Mitocondris and cellular oxidations.
Cellular cycle and the mitosis.
General morphofunctional characteristics and anatomical location of the epithelial covering and glandular tissues, support connectives and trophics, skeletal, cardiac, smooth and nervous muscle.

Organization of the animals and human body, anatomical position, section plans, corporal cavities. Locomotor apparatus: Skeleton and its functions; general notions articular systems classification; general notions of the skeletal muscles.
Integumentary apparatus: skin and attached cutaneous.
Cardiovascular apparatus: general characteristics of blood and lymphatic circulation heart structure and conformation, pericardium, arteries, veins, capillaries land ymphoide organs.
Digestive apparatus: organization of the food channel anatomy.
Urinary apparatus: kidneys organization and microscopic anatomy, urinary pathways organizations.
Genital apparatus: organization and anatomy of the gonads and the masculine and female genital pathways gametogenesis.
Endocrine system. Morphofuncional characteristic of endocrine glands
Nervous system: general organization of the CNS; general notions on nerves; brainstem and cranial nerves encefalici; cerebellum; diencephalon and cerebrum.
Survey of physiological systems that regulate levels of gases, food, energy, temperature, water, and ions. Examples from invertebrates and vertebrates
Animal development from fertilization through birth.
The functional anatomy and life cycles of the major invertebrate taxa are emphasized.
A comparative survey of vertebrates, focusing on their morphology, classification, and phylogeny.
Teaching methods
Solomon, Berg, Martin. Biologia. EdiSES
Eserciziario di Biologia Animale, EdiSES 2013
Agricultural Botany
BIO/03 - ENVIRONMENTAL AND APPLIED BOTANY - University credits: 8
Lessons: 64 hours
Animal Biology
BIO/05 - ZOOLOGY - University credits: 4
Laboratories: 16 hours
Lessons: 24 hours
Professor: Scari' Giorgio
Educational website(s)
Professor(s)
Reception:
Appointment needed
Dept of Bioscience