Calorimetry and thermal analysis, laboratory

A.Y. 2017/2018
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The course presents the theoretical principles of Calorimetry and Thermal Analysis (Isothermal Calorimetry, DSC, Thermogravimetry, TMA, DMA) and the corresponding instrumentation with the help of laboratory training and exercises of data treatment. As for the specific application to the cultural heritage, the course includes techniques of micro-sampling and the investigation based on the artificial aging of materials.
Expected learning outcomes
The student acquires the basic expertise to collect micro-samples for the experimental investigation and to plan programs of artificial aging that may reproduce the spontaneous or damage-induced degradation of the materials. The laboratory experience adds some awareness of the sensitivity of the experimental approach and the importance of combining Calorimetry and Thermal Analysis with other kinds of investigation.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
First semester
Course syllabus
Front Lectures:
Fundaments of Thermodynamics: enthalpy and heat capacity
Fundaments of Chemical Kinetics: progress degree of a given process
Relationship between process rate and associate heat flux
Experimental detection of the heat flux: various kinds of calorimeters
Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC): examples of current instruments
The calorimetric trace: base line, signal, underlying area
Uso of the calorimetric trace to characterize materials
Thermo-Gravimetry (TG): how a thermo-balance works. TG and DTG trace
Combined TG and DSC: advantages of the combination and uses to characterize materials
Rheology principles: visco-elasticity of materials
Thermo-Mechanical and Dynamico-Mechanical Analysis (TMA and DMA): current instruments
Preparation and performance of a DSC investigation on: parchment, papyrus, starch material
Preparation and performance of a TG investigation on: wet paper, limestone
CHIM/02 - PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY - University credits: 6
Lessons: 48 hours
Professor: Fessas Dimitrios