This course will give competence and skills of physical climatology to permit to our students to understand the atmosphere dynamics and the climate processes. These information represent fundamental and precious tools to analyze and manage natural ecosystems. Methods and techniques to be applied to perform meteorological surveys and several approaches to analyze climate pattern and trend within a regional scale will be described and explained. The course will take advantage from field activities (mainly at the Forni Glacier, the widest Italian valley glacier where a UNIMI permanent Automatic Weather Station has been running since the last decade) and laboratory experiences to permit to the students to acquire competence and skills for collecting, processing, analyzing and modelling meteorological data.
Expected learning outcomes
The students will acquire competence and skills for collecting, processing, analyzing and modelling meteorological data.
Introduction to Physical Climatology Climate: definition The solar system, its planets and their atmospheres The Earth atmosphere: composition and features Classification of Earth atmosphere Processes and phenomena characterizing the lower atmosphere Processes and phenomena characterizing the mean atmosphere Processes and phenomena characterizing the upper atmosphere The radiative terrestrial energy budget The radiative atmospheric energy budget Not radiative contributions to Earth energy budget The greenhouse effect Global warming: evidences and effects The Kyoto protocol Sub-surface energy fluxes: magnitude, measurements and features The hydrological balance (terrestrial and atmospheric): definition and features The Italian climate Introduction to meteorology Meteorological stations Instruments and sensor for meteorological studies Accuracy and precision of meteo instruments Analysis and processing of meteo data Meteorological data base