The course aims at providing the fundamental analytical tools for the study of social protection systems in a comparative perspective.
It analyses welfare state development, since the origins in the XIX century until the recent phase of crisis and reform, by focusing on its exogenous and endogenous determinants.
Particular attention is paid to how the interaction between institutional arrangements ("structures") with political and social actors ("agency") contributes shaping social policies in multilevel - European, national, sub-national - and multi-stakeholder arenas.
Unit 1 The modern welfare state - A general introduction - Concepts and definitions - Theoretical perspectives
The welfare state in historical and comparative perspective: - From public assistance to national social protection - The golden age of welfare expansion - Regime types and the fourth and fifth social Europe
Unit 2 The "first" crisis (1970s-1980s) and national responses: - The crisis: exogenous and endogenous determinants - The recalibration of the welfare state The future of social Europe after the "second crisis" (2008-)
Unit 3 Pensions and old age protection - The tool box - Different paths to old age protection in the XX century - Pension crisis and reforms: policy and institutional change - The politics of pension reforms - How to deviate from the institutional path? - Flexicurity and old-age protection