The goal of this course is to provide students with the basic knowledge to describe and understand the functioning of the soil and to characterize the soil properties, both for geopedological and interdisciplinary studies.
Expected learning outcomes
Knowledge of the soil description methods, of the main pedogenetic processes and of soil evolution factors. Comprehension of different soil classification criteria.
1 - Soil as interface between biosphere, atmosphere and lithosphere: soil definitions; soil constituents. 2 - Pedologic profile and soli horizons: characteristics and nomenclature of different types of soil horizons; field soil profile description. 3 - Processes and factors of the pedogenesis: general soil evolution processes; fundamental pedogenetic processes; soil evolution factors and the Jenny's equation; time factor and paleosols. 4 - Soil classification: genetic classifications and Duchaufour's French ecological classification; hierarchic classifications and Soil Taxonomy; referential classifications, FAO-Unesco, IRB, WRB. 5 - Soils and environmental context: soils ans geomorphology; soil - landscape relationship; soil survey and soil mapping; land evaluation, land capability and land suitability.