The course will provide to the students current knowledge about the state of the art and developing perspectives about microbial biotechnologies in promotion of plant growth and soil fertility. Environmental biotechnologies applied to the disposal of agricultural waste biomasses will be also outlined. Practical lessons will allow the students to learn the experimental methodologies applied to the research of new plant growth promoting bacteria.
Expected learning outcomes
The course will provide knowledge tools for the evaluation of potentials and limits of the application of microbial biotechnologies for plant production.
Role of microorganisms in soil formation, fertility maintenance and cycle of organic matter. Soil microbiota, rhizosphere, phyllosphere Association between plants and microorganisms: mycorrhizic and attinorrhizic simbiosis, nitrogen fixiation and nitrogen fixing simbiosis Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria: i) microbial mechanisms of direct plant promotion, biostimulation and biofertilisation, ii) microbial mechanisms of indirect plant promotion, antagonistic microorganisms, symbiotic control of detrimental insects or vectors of phytopathologies. Microbial inoculants: production, field application, agronomical effects Microbial biotechnologies for plant biomass transformation and disposal: silage, anaerobic digestion, sludge treatment. Soil bioremediation Microbial identification and study of environmental microbial communities, microbial ecology methods: molecular microbial ecology
¿Microbiologia agroambientale¿, a cura di Biavati & Sorlini. 2008 Ed. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana ¿Microrganismi benefici per le piante¿, a cura di M. Iaccarino. 2006 Ed. Idelson-Gnocchi Appunti delle lezioni