Introduction to organic chemistry: organic compounds: nomenclature and structure of the various functional groups. The Intermolecular bonds in organic compounds and their relations with the physicochemical properties: volatility, solubility, etc. Alkanes and cycloalkane: conformational analysis; physicochemical properties; radicaliche reactions. Alkenes: structure, properties, geometric isomer. Dienes and polyenes. Alkenes: electrophilic addition reactions to the double bond; radicaliche reactions. Alkanes and alkenes in nature: es: aromatic compounds, terpenes: from simple to benzene and polycyclic and heterocyclic: structure, nomenclature. Alogenoderivati of hydrocarbons: structure, properties. Alcohols: structure, properties. Acidity; redox reactions. Phenols: structure, acidity, redox reactions. Antioxidants. Other oxygenated derivatives: Quinones, ethers, epoxides, sulfur compounds: thiols and disulphide bonds. The organic stereochemistry: absolute and relative configuration. Enantiomers and diastereoisomeri; racemes. Relationship between structure and properties of optically active organic compounds. CFCs and the ozone hole. Pesticides. Aldehydes and ketones: structure, properties. redox reactions and Nucleophilic addition to the carbonyl. Aldehydes and ketones: semiacetali and acetals. The glucosides. Aldehydes and ketones: addition of nitrogen nucleophiles. Carbohydrates: mono-, di-and polysaccharides. Monosaccharides: structure, Fisher, stereochemistry. Cyclic forms. Mutarotation. Disaccharides and polysaccharides: properties, importance in biological systems: carboxylic acids, acid-base reactions. Derivatives of carboxylic acids: acyl chlorides, esters, amides, anhydrides, carbamate, urea compounds. Acyl substitution: substitution reactions esterification; hydrolysis of esters and amides. Lipids: fatty acids, triglycerides, phospholipids. Soaps and surfactants. Amines: structure and properties. Natural: nitrogenous compounds eg. amino acids; the peptide bond; pI, peptides and proteins. Classroom exercises on all topics covered during the lectures.
Qualunque testo di Chimica Organica di base che contenga tutte le tematiche trattate nel corso