Organic chemistry and chemistry laboratory

A.Y. 2017/2018
9
Max ECTS
104
Overall hours
SSD
CHIM/03 CHIM/06
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The Organic chemistry module provides the student with the necessary background to understand the chemistry of organic compounds and organic reactions mechanisms that are of interest in Biology.
The laboratory module consists of a series of lessons and experiments that should provide the students with the necessary background to work safely in a chemical laboratory, to apply stoichiometry and use instrumentations.
Expected learning outcomes
Undefined
Course syllabus and organization

A - L

Responsible
Lesson period
Second semester
modulo: Laboratorio di Chimica (con Prevenzione e Sicurezza)
Course syllabus
Module 2 - Chemistry Laboratory:
The course will allow the acquisition of expertise of working in a chemistry laboratory and of solving stoichiometry calculations.
Lessons will point to the experiences and will concern:
· elements of risk management in a chemistry laboratory
· laboratory fundamentals
· numerical applications of solution equilibria
· principles and techniques of instrumental analysis for the compound characterization and the qualitative and quantitative analysis



Readings and Course Material
Chemistry Laboratory Module:
M.Consiglio, V.Frenna, S.Orecchio "Il laboratorio di chimica" EdiSES.
Copy of the in-class material is available on the course web-site.
http://gsellolco.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/v3/home/Default.aspx


Prerequisites
The knowledge of the basic topics treated in a General Chemistry course is compulsory.


Assessment method
Laboratory module: students are evaluated on the basis of the knowledge and the skill acquired performing the experiments
The final course-grade is a weighted average of the two modules evaluations.


Suggested Propaedeuticy
The notions acquired in the course "Chimica generale con Elementi di Chimica Fisica" (first semester) are taken for granted.


Language of instruction
Italian


Mode of Teaching
Teacher-centered, interactive lessons, partially supported by slides presentation.
Single-student laboratory experiments.


Program information and Attendance Policy
Laboratory Module: the inscription to this module is compulsory, it is one-year valid and it must be done exclusively in november-december (check on course web-site). All students will then be convened on a fixed day for the laboratory rotations assignment: absent students will be considered renunciative.
Attendance at all scheduled laboratory lessons and experiments is compulsory. When a student misses a laboratory lesson/experiment because of an illness or unanticipated event, it is the student's responsibility to notify the instructor. In the case of documented short-term absence due to illness or other unanticipated circumstance, instructors should provide reasonable effort to accommodate the student in a way that maintains the integrity of the class.


Course website
http://gsellolco.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/v3/home/Default.aspx
modulo: Chimica Organica
Course syllabus
Module 1 - Organic Chemistry:
Saturated hydrocarbons: alkanes and cycloalkanes. Structure, nomenclature and properties. Isomerism: structural isomers and conformers. Conformational analysis.
Stereochemistry. Chirality and stereogenic carbons. Configurational isomers. Enantiomers and diastereoisomers. The R, S system of nomenclature. Optical rotation and optical purity.
Haloalkanes and substitution and elimination reactions. Nucleophilic substitution at saturated carbon atoms: rates, mechanism (SN1, SN2), stereochemistry. Elimination reactions (E1, E2).
Alcohols, thiols, ethers and epoxides. Structure, nomenclature and properties. Acidity of alcohols. Oxidation and elimination reactions. Reactivity of epoxides.
Amines. Structure, nomenclature and properties.
Alkenes. Structure, nomenclature and properties. The E, Z system of nomenclature. Reaction of alkenes: ionic addition of H-X (Markovnikov's rule): hydration; halogenation, oxidation and hydrogenation. Reactivity of allylic systems. Introduction to dienes, polyenes and terpenes.
Aromatic compounds. Resonance effect and the structure of benzene. Criteria for aromaticity. Electrophilic aromatic substitution: mechanism and substituent effect. Phenols and aromatic amines.
Carbonyl compounds. Structure, nomenclature and properties. Nucleophilic addition of hydrides, water, alcohols and ammonia derivatives. Oxidation and reduction reactions. Keto-enol tautomerism.
Carbohydrates. Structure and properties. Monosaccharides. Cyclic structure of monosaccharides. Reactions of carbohydrates at the anomeric carbon. Formation of glycosides and disaccharides.
Carboxylic acids and derivatives. Structure, nomenclature and acidity of carboxylic acids. Synthesis of acyl chlorides, anhydrides, esters. Esters: properties and reactions. Acid- and base-catalyzed hydrolysis of esters. Reactions with ammonia derivatives. Amides: structure and properties of the amide bond. Phosphoric acid esters. Thioesters.
Amino acids. Classification and properties of amino acids. Configuration of amino acids. Acid-base properties of amino acids. The isoelectric point. Peptide bond and peptides conformation.
Enolates: acidity at the alpha-position of aldehydes, ketons and esters. Alkylation of enolates. The aldol condensation. The Claisen condensation. Structure and properties of beta-diketons, beta-ketoesters and malonic esters. The decarboxylation reaction. Biosynthesis of fat acids.
Heteroaromatic compounds. Pyrrole, pyridine, indole, imidazole. Purine and pyrimidine bases. Tautomerism and hydrogen bonding. The structure of nucleosides and nucleotides.



Readings and Course Material
Organic Chemistry Module
Any good Organic Chemistry textbook which covers exhaustively the different topics of the course.
Suggestions:
W. Brown, T. Poon, Introduzione alla Chimica Organica, Edises, Napoli
P. Y. Bruice, Elementi di Chimica Organica, Edises, Napoli
P.Y. Bruice, Organic Chemistry, Prentice Hall, Inc., New Jersey
J. McMurry, Chimica Organica - un approccio biologico, Zanichelli, Bologna
B. Botta e altri Chimica Organica Essenziale, EdiErmes, Milano
J.G. Smith Fondamenti di Chimica Organica, McGraw Hill Education, Milano

Exercises can be found on line:
http://ariel.unimi.it/User/Default.aspx - Chimica Organica: esercizi on-line (section 2)
http://lraimondico.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/v3/home/Default.aspx


Prerequisites
The knowledge of the basic topics treated in a General Chemistry course is compulsory.


Assessment method
Organic chemistry module: students are evaluated through a written examination and a colloquium, both compulsory.
In the case of positive evaluation of the written examination, students must be assessed through a colloquium done in the same exam session. Both written and colloquium regard the whole program of the course.


Suggested Propaedeuticy
The notions acquired in the course "Chimica generale con Elementi di Chimica Fisica" (first semester) are taken for granted.


Language of instruction
Italian


Mode of Teaching
Teacher-centered, interactive lessons, partially supported by slides presentation.
Single-student laboratory experiments.


Program information and Attendance Policy
Organic Chemistry Module: it is strongly recommended that students attend class regularly from the beginning of the term and meet all requirements set by the instructor.


Course website
http://lraimondico.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/v3/home/Default.aspx
modulo: Chimica Organica
CHIM/06 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY - University credits: 6
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 40 hours
Professor: Passarella Daniele
modulo: Laboratorio di Chimica (con Prevenzione e Sicurezza)
CHIM/03 - GENERAL AND INORGANIC CHEMISTRY - University credits: 0
CHIM/06 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY - University credits: 0
Single bench laboratory practical: 48 hours
Professors: Sattin Sara, Strumolo Donatella
Shifts:
Turno 1
Professor: Strumolo Donatella
Turno 2
Professor: Strumolo Donatella
Turno 3
Professor: Sattin Sara

M - Z

Responsible
Lesson period
Second semester
modulo: Laboratorio di Chimica (con Prevenzione e Sicurezza)
Course syllabus
The course will allow the acquisition of expertise of working in a chemistry laboratory and of solving stoichiometry calculations.
Lessons will point to the experiences and will concern:
· elements of risk management in a chemistry laboratory
· laboratory fundamentals
· numerical applications of solution equilibria
· principles and techniques of instrumental analysis for the compound characterization and the qualitative and quantitative analysis



Readings and Course Material
Chemistry Laboratory Module:
M.Consiglio, V.Frenna, S.Orecchio "Il laboratorio di chimica" EdiSES.
Copy of the in-class material is available on the course web-site.
http://gsellolco.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/v3/home/Default.aspx


Prerequisites
The knowledge of the basic topics treated in a General Chemistry course is compulsory.


Assessment method
Laboratory module: students are evaluated on the basis of the knowledge and the skill acquired performing the experiments
The final course-grade is a weighted average of the two modules evaluations.


Suggested Propaedeuticy
The notions acquired in the course "Chimica generale con Elementi di Chimica Fisica" (first semester) are taken for granted.


Language of instruction
Italian


Mode of Teaching
Teacher-centered, interactive lessons, partially supported by slides presentation.
Single-student laboratory experiments.


Program information and Attendance Policy
Laboratory Module: the inscription to this module is compulsory, it is one-year valid and it must be done exclusively in november-december (check on course web-site). All students will then be convened on a fixed day for the laboratory rotations assignment: absent students will be considered renunciative.
Attendance at all scheduled laboratory lessons and experiments is compulsory. When a student misses a laboratory lesson/experiment because of an illness or unanticipated event, it is the student's responsibility to notify the instructor. In the case of documented short-term absence due to illness or other unanticipated circumstance, instructors should provide reasonable effort to accommodate the student in a way that maintains the integrity of the class.


Course website
http://gsellolco.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/v3/home/Default.aspx
modulo: Chimica Organica
Course syllabus
Saturated hydrocarbons: alkanes and cycloalkanes. Structure, nomenclature and properties. Isomerism: structural isomers and conformers. Conformational analysis.
Stereochemistry. Chirality and stereogenic carbons. Configurational isomers. Enantiomers and diastereoisomers. The R, S system of nomenclature. Optical rotation and optical purity.
Haloalkanes and substitution and elimination reactions. Nucleophilic substitution at saturated carbon atoms: rates, mechanism (SN1, SN2), stereochemistry. Elimination reactions (E1, E2).
Alcohols, thiols, ethers and epoxides. Structure, nomenclature and properties. Acidity of alcohols. Oxidation and elimination reactions. Reactivity of epoxides.
Amines. Structure, nomenclature and properties.
Alkenes. Structure, nomenclature and properties. The E, Z system of nomenclature. Reaction of alkenes: ionic addition of H-X (Markovnikov's rule): hydration; halogenation, oxidation and hydrogenation. Reactivity of allylic systems. Introduction to dienes, polyenes and terpenes.
Aromatic compounds. Resonance effect and the structure of benzene. Criteria for aromaticity. Electrophilic aromatic substitution: mechanism and substituent effect. Phenols and aromatic amines.
Carbonyl compounds. Structure, nomenclature and properties. Nucleophilic addition of hydrides, water, alcohols and ammonia derivatives. Oxidation and reduction reactions. Keto-enol tautomerism.
Carbohydrates. Structure and properties. Monosaccharides. Cyclic structure of monosaccharides. Reactions of carbohydrates at the anomeric carbon. Formation of glycosides and disaccharides.
Carboxylic acids and derivatives. Structure, nomenclature and acidity of carboxylic acids. Synthesis of acyl chlorides, anhydrides, esters. Esters: properties and reactions. Acid- and base-catalyzed hydrolysis of esters. Reactions with ammonia derivatives. Amides: structure and properties of the amide bond. Phosphoric acid esters. Thioesters.
Amino acids. Classification and properties of amino acids. Configuration of amino acids. Acid-base properties of amino acids. The isoelectric point. Peptide bond and peptides conformation.
Enolates: acidity at the alpha-position of aldehydes, ketons and esters. Alkylation of enolates. The aldol condensation. The Claisen condensation. Structure and properties of beta-diketons, beta-ketoesters and malonic esters. The decarboxylation reaction. Biosynthesis of fat acids.
Heteroaromatic compounds. Pyrrole, pyridine, indole, imidazole. Purine and pyrimidine bases. Tautomerism and hydrogen bonding. The structure of nucleosides and nucleotides.



Readings and Course Material
Organic Chemistry Module
Any good Organic Chemistry textbook which covers exhaustively the different topics of the course.
Suggestions:
W. Brown, T. Poon, Introduzione alla Chimica Organica, Edises, Napoli
P. Y. Bruice, Elementi di Chimica Organica, Edises, Napoli
P.Y. Bruice, Organic Chemistry, Prentice Hall, Inc., New Jersey
J. McMurry, Chimica Organica - un approccio biologico, Zanichelli, Bologna
B. Botta e altri Chimica Organica Essenziale, EdiErmes, Milano
J.G. Smith Fondamenti di Chimica Organica, McGraw Hill Education, Milano

Exercises can be found on line:
http://ariel.unimi.it/User/Default.aspx - Chimica Organica: esercizi on-line (section 2)
http://lraimondico.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/v3/home/Default.aspx


Prerequisites
The knowledge of the basic topics treated in a General Chemistry course is compulsory.


Assessment method
Organic chemistry module: students are evaluated through a written examination and a colloquium, both compulsory.
In the case of positive evaluation of the written examination, students must be assessed through a colloquium done in the same exam session. Both written and colloquium regard the whole program of the course.
Laboratory module: students are evaluated on the basis of the knowledge and the skill acquired performing the experiments
The final course-grade is a weighted average of the two modules evaluations.


Suggested Propaedeuticy
The notions acquired in the course "Chimica generale con Elementi di Chimica Fisica" (first semester) are taken for granted.

Language of instruction
Italian

Mode of Teaching
Teacher-centered, interactive lessons, partially supported by slides presentation.
Single-student laboratory experiments.


Program information and Attendance Policy
Organic Chemistry Module: it is strongly recommended that students attend class regularly from the beginning of the term and meet all requirements set by the instructor.


Course website
http://lraimondico.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/v3/home/Default.aspx
modulo: Chimica Organica
CHIM/06 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY - University credits: 6
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 40 hours
modulo: Laboratorio di Chimica (con Prevenzione e Sicurezza)
CHIM/03 - GENERAL AND INORGANIC CHEMISTRY - University credits: 0
CHIM/06 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY - University credits: 0
Single bench laboratory practical: 48 hours
Shifts:
Turno 1
Professors: Carlucci Lucia, Rizzato Silvia
Turno 2
Professor: Rossi Sergio
Educational website(s)
Professor(s)
Reception:
please contact by e-mail or phone
Dipartimento di Chimica - via Golgi 19 - Milano - building C, 2nd floor, room 2011 or via Teams