The course will provide the knowledge on the structure, function, reproductive biology and diversity of plants. The purpose is to acquire the basic knowledge useful for the identification and characterization of archeological finds and masterpieces and for the biodegradation processes relevant for the study and conservation of the cultural heritage.
Expected learning outcomes
Basic knowledge of the structure and diversity of plants.
Lesson period: First semester
(In case of multiple editions, please check the period, as it may vary)
Differences between animals and plants. Plant cell organization. Function and structure of the cell wall, cell wall modification during cell differentiation. Functions of the vacuoles. Structure and roles of plastids. Photosynthesis. Organization of vascular plants. Characteristics and organization of plant meristematic and adult tissues and their organization in leaves, root and stem. Examples of archaeobotanical finds. Taxonomic categories of plants. Plant reproduction: agamic and sexual reproduction and ontogenetic cycles. Morphology and reproduction of Algae, Fungi and lichens. Morphology, taxonomy and reproductive strategies of lower plants (Musci and Hepaticae) and vascular plants (Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta). Application for the cultural heritage.