Plant biology

A.Y. 2017/2018
10
Max ECTS
80
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/04
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
Unit 1: The course aims to provide basic knowledge of plant cytology useful for understanding the structural organization of higher plants and preparatory to the study of biochemical and physiological processes that determine productivity.
Unit 2: The course aims to provide basic knowledge of cytology, heredity and plant morphology useful for understanding the structural organization of higher plants and preparatory to the study of biochemical and physiological processes that determine productivity.Unit 1: The course aims to provide basic knowledge of plant cytology useful for understanding the structural organization of higher plants and preparatory to the study of biochemical and physiological processes that determine productivity.
Unit 2: The course aims to provide basic knowledge of cytology, heredity and plant morphology useful for understanding the structural organization of higher plants and preparatory to the study of biochemical and physiological processes that determine productivity.
Expected learning outcomes
Unit.1: Knowledge of the composition, function and characteristics of biological molecules and plant cell structures.
Unit 2: Knowledge of the systems and tissue of plant organs. Understanding of biological processes of growth, differentiation, reproduction and heredity.Unit.1: Knowledge of the composition, function and characteristics of biological molecules and plant cell structures.
Unit 2: Knowledge of the systems and tissue of plant organs. Understanding of biological processes of growth, differentiation, reproduction and heredity.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
year
Biologia della cellula vegetale
Course syllabus
Unit 1
The characteristics of the living organisms. Role of the plant in the biosphere. Energy and metabolism. Autotrophy and heterotrophy. Overview of the plant kingdom. Principles of biological chemistry. Chemical bonds and chemical functional groups. Water and H bond. Structure and functions of biological molecules: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids. The cell theory. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Structure and functions of biological membranes. Cytosol e cytoskeleton. Endomembranes: endoplasmic reticulum and dictyosomes. Ribosomes, microbodies and spherosomes. Mitochondria: structure and functions. The plant cell: genesis, structure and functions of plastids, vacuole and cell wall. Osmosis and cell enlargement Nucleus and chromosomes. Genes and karyotype. Cell division: mitosis.
Teaching methods
Slide proiettate durante le lezioni. Testi di riferimento Raven P.H., Evert R.F., Eichhorn S.E. Biologia delle piante, ed. Zanichelli Purves W.K., Sadava D., Orians G.H., Heller H.C., Biologia La Cellula, L'informazione e l'ereditarietà Ed. Zanichelli
Morfologia e anatomia delle piante
Course syllabus
Principles of genetics. Sexual reproduction and meiosis. The inheritance of the genetic traits: mendelian and post-mendelian models. DNA replication. From genotype to phenotype: the genetic code, DNA transcription and translation. Mutations. Short accounts on recombinant DNA techniques. Plant structure and morphology. Non vascular and vascular plants. Monobiontic and dibiontic life cycles: Algae, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Spermatophyta. Gymnosperms and Angiosperms (monocots and dicots). Types of cells and tissues: meristems and differentiated tissues. Primary structure: morphology and anatomy of roots and stems. Leaves. Secondary structure: vascular and cork cambia, secondary growth in roots and stems. Flower structure. Sexual and asexual reproduction. Embryo and seed development. Seed germination. Fruit structure.
Laboratory practical activity: preparation and observation with optical microscope of plant tissue and organ samples.
Teaching methods
Il materiale didattico mostrato a lezione verrà messo a disposizione per gli studenti nel sito http:// http://nnegriniba.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/v3/home/Default.aspx
Testi consigliati: 1 - Pasqua G., Abbate G., Forni C. ¿Botanica Generale e Diversità Vegetale¿, ed. Piccin. 2 ¿ Purves W.K., Sadava D., Orians G.H., Heller H.C., Biologia La Cellula, L'informazione e l'ereditarietà Ed. Zanichelli.
Altri testi utili: 1- Raven P.H., Evert R.F., Eichhorn S.E. ¿Biologia delle piante¿, ed. Zanichelli. 2 - Speranza, Calzoni ¿Le piante per immagini¿ ed. Zanichelli.
Biologia della cellula vegetale
BIO/04 - PLANT PHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 5
Lessons: 40 hours
Professor: Espen Luca
Morfologia e anatomia delle piante
BIO/04 - PLANT PHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 5
Lessons: 40 hours
Professor: Espen Luca
Professor(s)
Reception:
On Fridays from 9.00 to 12.00 or by appointment.
At the office or via MS Teams.