Plant biotechnology for the environment

A.Y. 2017/2018
6
Max ECTS
48
Overall hours
SSD
AGR/13
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
To provide a general picture on the biotechnological
strategies that can be usefully exploited for the reduction of
the environmental impact of the techniques of management
of the cultivations and for the development of useful plants
in the balancing and environmental monitoring.
Expected learning outcomes
Knowledge on the biochemical and physiological processes
of the plants exploitable for the management and the
improvement of the environment.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
Course syllabus
HERBICIDES: Mechanisms of action of the modern herbicides. Selectivity. Molecular bases of the resistance and the tolerance to the herbicides. Search of sources of genetic variability for the constitution of resistant or tolerant plants. Strategies for the obtaining of resistant or tolerant plants. Some examples of tolerant or resistant transgenic plants. MINERAL NUTRITION: Acquisition, translocation and assimilation of the mineral nutrients. Techniques for the identifying and the study of genes involved in the mineral nutrition and in the nutrient transport. Selectivity. Regulation of the nutrient uptake. Improvement of the use efficiency of mineral nutrients. PHYTOREMEDIATION: Main phytoremediation tecniques: phytoextraction, rizofiltration, phytovolatilisation, phytodegradation. Factors conditioning the efficiency of the various techniques. Molecular bases of the hyperaccumulation and the tolerance. Improvement of the plants exploitable for phytoremediation. BIOSENSORS and BIOINDICATORS: Strategies for the development of biosensors and bioindicators for the environmental monitoring.
Teaching methods
Articoli forniti durante il corso.
AGR/13 - AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY - University credits: 6
Lessons: 48 hours
Professor(s)
Reception:
upon appointment by E-mail
Dipartimento di Produzione Vegetale